Antipodes Parakeet - Cyanoramphus unicolor Distribution Breeding Health

Antipodes Parakeet


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Antipodes Parakeet

Identification

30 cm. Green, bright emerald on forehead and faceolive on the rest of the plumage 

, yellower below; outer webs of primaries purplish-blue 

, tail margined yellow. Immature undescribed.

Systematics History

Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

Antipodes I and its islets (Archway, Bollons, Inner Windward, and Leeward) (1).

Habitat

Tall dense Poa litorosa tussocks, especially on coastal slopes and along watercourses, whereas sympatric C. novaezelandiae tended to occupy more open terrain.

Movement

Sedentary.

Diet and Foraging

Poa and Carex leave comprised 70% of records, with seeds (13%), berries, flowers, and other vegetation (10%), and carrion of penguins and petrels (6%).

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Calls include a chattering low-pitched “kok…” with a bubbling quality, soft clucking, and loud high-pitched chatters, and soft single notes.

Breeding

Oct–Jan. Nest in a well-drained burrow, 1 m or more long, excavated in fibrous peat beneath vegetation or in thick matted bases of tall tussocks. Clutch size unknown, but 1–3 fledged young recorded.

Conservation Status

VULNERABLE. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Generally common, with a total population estimated at 2000–3000 birds. The only threat to this species is the accidental introduction of some predator (rats or cats) from a fishing or other passing vessel; although once a remote possibility, increased fishing pressure in waters around the (uninhabited) Antipodes has greatly heightened the chances of such an event.


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