Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot


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Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot 12–14·5 cm; 22–35 g. Bright emerald, more yellowish on underparts; bill black; middle of crown blackish blue; throat patch red; triangular patch on mantle golden yellow; lower back yellow; rump and upper tail-coverts red; legs buff-orange.

Blue crowned Hanging-Parrot

Female lacks red throat patch and yellow on lower back, much smaller crown patch. Immature duller with greatly reduced red and yellow.

Systematics History

Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

S Thailand and extreme S Myanmar (Tenasserim), Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra and associated islands (Nias, Mentawai Is), Anambas Is, Riau Archipelago, Bangka, Mendanau Is, Belitung, and Borneo and associated islands (Labuan, Maratua Is). Also, W Java, wherein part introduced.

Blue crowned Hanging Parrot

Habitat

Forest and forest edge, secondary growth, peat swamp and riverine forest, bamboo patches, landward edge of mangroves, beach-strand woodland especially with casua­rinas, wooded gardens, coconut groves, plantations, up to 1300 m, exceptionally to 2000 m, in Indonesia up to 500 m; possibly more abundant in selectively logged than primary forest.

Blaukrönchen (Loriculus galgulus) – Blue crowned hanging parrot

SOURCE: maxtc       

Movement

Birds may move about widely, even ranging between adjacent islands. May trapline around a large communal home range or is truly nomadic.

Diet and Foraging

Few specific records: the fruit of various figs including Ficus caulocarpaF. virensF. delosyceF. pisocarpaF. kerkenhoveniiF. crassiramea, and F. stupenda, also flowers of Erythrina and durian Durio zibethinus, and mesocarp of oil-palm fruits.

Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Flight call a high-pitched “tzeeet” or a doubled “tzee-zeet”, sounding slightly higher-pitched than L. Vernalis. When perched, also utters several squeaky or buzzy warbles and twitters.

blue crowned hanging parrot sings

SOURCE: Bird Jamboree

Breeding

Jan–Aug, possibly later, in Sumatra. Nest in hollow in living or dead tree, including dead Oncosperma palms and rubber trees in disturbed forest, 8–12 m up. Eggs 3; in captivity, nestling period c. 5 weeks.

Blue-Crowned Hanging Parrots at San Diego Zoo

SOURCE: San Diego Zoo Kids

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Very common and widespread throughout the range except for Singapore, where now very uncommon.

Very popular as cage-birds, Malaysia, which exported 38,381 birds in the period 1985–1990; however, this and trade pressure elsewhere do not appear to constitute a significant impact on populations. In agricultural lowlands, requires patches of tall, semi-natural woodland for breeding sites.

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