The Budgie(Melopsittacus undulatus) is a species of Australian bird of the family Psittacidae (commonly called Parakeets and Parrots typical) It is the only species of the genus Melopsittacus and the tribe of Melopsittacini. Its name is due to the fact that it has several undulations around its body but some parakeets may have very fine or not at all.

This bird lives in all arid and semi-arid regions of Australia. It adapts perfectly to European climates.

Order: Psittaciformes                                                                    Famille: Psittacidae

Régime juridique: Not included in the Appendices, free detention not subject to quotas

Sex: No sexual dimorphism


  • The wild phenotype is green with yellow and black stripes on the head, back, and dorsal side of wings and some black feathers in the collar
  • the color of the wax makes it possible to differentiate the male (blue to pink) from the female (white to brown)

Character: bird accessible for all beginners, very peaceful and sociable, and living preferably in colonies.

Weight: 20 – 30g

Can budgerigars talk?

Are budgerigar good pets?

Do budgies love their owners?

Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus

Budgie behavior

Even if each budgerigar has its own personality, they share certain character traits. So much the better, because it is important to be able to differentiate between normal behavior and abnormal behavior to judge if all is well in your cage or aviary.

Budgie male and female

In general, there is no big behavioral difference between males and females. Both sexes eat, talk and socialize in the same way and can show the same passivity or aggressiveness depending on their mood, personality or circumstances. Females have a louder, louder voice than males, and they also cry more frequently. They are less likely to learn human words, although it is not impossible for female parakeets to speak.

The mating season is a vague and extensive concept because, in captivity, this “season” can happen at any time of the year, the birds of both sexes then become more territorial and aggressive than usual. Females are particularly sensitive to this sudden hormonal surge, so don’t be surprised if your usually peaceful bird suddenly attacks your hand. Fortunately, its beak will not be sharper than usual during these hormonal periods, so there is no risk of hurting yourself. These periods will generally last between three to six weeks.

With the hormones that work it, the bird will also want to mate, but without a willing and/or available partner, its toys, its food or even you may become the target of its sexual attentions. You can discourage this instinctive behavior by putting the bird back in its cage if it uses you to vent its frustrations. Removing mirrors and spaces that could serve as potential nests can also help curb their heat.

A parakeet that is too hot will raise its wings slightly from its perch. The feathers around the wax (the nose area) can also be curled. If it is very hot, it will open the beak and gasp. Always make sure the cage has a shade corner where the parakeet can cool off a bit.

A frozen bird will sit on its perch, huddled, with the ruffled feathers. Move it to a warmer location, or, if the bird is outside, offer it a warm refuge or turn on the aviary heater.

Difference between male and female budgie

SOURCE:Budgie World

Parakeet stretching its wings

Like all animals, parakeets need to stretch after an extended period of inactivity. This is the perfect time to admire the beautiful plumage of their wings, as they will stretch their leg and wing to one side before switching to the other.

The parakeet will spread its wings wide to finish and to allow blood to circulate in its muscles. The stretch is done in silence, not to be confused with the aggressive deployment of the wings (which is often accompanied by screams) and which is often observed in the stampede around the food bowls.

Budgie colors

Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus

There are only one species of the budgerigar, and the different names we give it, such as “English”, “American” or “Australian” are only a detail because all include the Melopsittacus undulates. However, three main groups can be distinguished.

“Australian” refers to birds confined to Australia (following the export ban in 1894). They generally look a lot like their wild ancestors. The “American” parakeets (or pet parrots, as they are called in the United States) are a little larger than the Australian ones, but still generally resemble their wild parents. The “English” parakeets are visibly larger, and their plumage varies more in size and thickness. Despite this designation, these American and English birds are found all over the world.

A single species-rich in varieties

These three large groups of parakeets come in several variations of different colors but do not form separate species. There has been no crossing with other similar species in order to produce new and degraded forms.

In addition, the genetic background is quite limited, generating only variations in size and plumage (unlike hens, for example, for which there are several genetically distinct breeds, even if they all descend to the base of the golden rooster Gallus gallus ).

So, whether your parakeet is of a larger than average type, or whether it has a tuft of feathers on its head or an entirely yellow plumage, it will undoubtedly be a parakeet, by its shape, its gestures, its voice, and behavior.

Budgies sounds

Budgerigar funny

Sound is one of the defining characteristics of parakeets. They make soft chirping music and provide an almost constant background noise of gossip that provides great pleasure to their breeders.

Parakeets are real imitators, and they will add all kinds of sounds to their repertoire. The parrot family, including the parakeets, cannot sound like a tape recorder, in the manner, quite annoying, of the minnows or “lyrebirds”. They have everything of a parrot that has character, a sound that is unique to them and befits their personality.

With human conversations in the background, accompanied by other audiovisual devices in your home, you will encourage your parakeet to speak. The parakeet will naturally take a liking to the sound of voices if they have always been part of its environment. Sometimes his efforts will not sound like human words, because sounds do, but hopefully, you will hear him say something intelligible. And even if she has no idea what she’s saying, her first “Hi Coco” (or whatever phrase you taught her) will fill you with joy and pride!

Budgerigar Sounds to Play for Your Parakeets


Budgerigar talking

If your parakeet coexists with other birds (which is preferable), it will be difficult to interrupt their bird chatter to teach it human words. Even a mirror can be a distraction that will prevent him from drinking each of your words.

It is true that birds alone have better chances of hearing exactly what you say to them, but unless they are constantly present to serve them. as a companion, they will end up feeling lonely and wanting the company of other parakeets. This gregarious instinct is written in their genes. To choose, a happy parakeet is better than a talking parakeet.

You will be more likely to teach a male parakeet to speak, and young parakeets (over four months of age) will learn more easily.

This does not necessarily guarantee success, so do not be discouraged if your bird does not succeed. Some are made for human sounds, others are not.

For each Disco and Puck (parrots with bluffing abilities which are the stars of social networks), or each less impressive but just as talkative parakeet, there are many birds that have not said a single word, despite the hours of training and attention received.

Meet Disco the incredible talking budgie


Train parakeets to talk

Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus

Imitators need to be exposed to the sounds they are going to imitate. So, a parakeet needs to be immersed in human conversation if you ever want her to speak. She’ll be more inclined to learn if you’ve tamed and trained her on your finger. She will end up being comfortable in your presence, and will consider your voice as a reassuring element of her musical environment.

Some parakeets prefer higher-pitched voices, those of women and children, rather than lower-pitched male voices. If you are male and the only person available for the bird, you have no other choice, but you can still try to use your higher notes as much as possible!

To maximize your chances of having a talking parakeet, you can meet the following conditions.

  • Before you start to teach him, your bird should have taken his marks and no longer be afraid of you or his environment. Enjoy a time when the parakeet is in the mood to list