Green Rosella - Habitat Breeding Diet Destribution

Green Rosella


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Identification

Green Rosella 36 cm; 90–165 g. Bill whitish, broad frontal band red, lower cheek and chin grey-blue; rest of head 

Green Rosella

 

                                                          Green Rosella

yellow, mottled black on nape; upperparts and tail dull green, with lighter edges on mantle and scapulars creating a vague scaled effect, and with pale grey-blue on wing coverts Green Rosella parrot

Green Rosella

 

outer edges of primaries, and outer tail feathers; underparts 

Green Rosella parrots
                                                           Green Rosella
yellow sometimes washed orange, and with orange flecks around the vent. Female smaller, usually with orange around the throat. Immature mostly dull green.

Systematics History

Proposed race brownie (from King I), of which flaviventris a junior synonym, considered too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition. Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

Tasmania and larger Bass Strait islands (King I, Flinders I).

Habitat

All wooded habitats within range are used, birds penetrating urban areas and visiting orchards and gardens, but the chief habitat is sclerophyll forest and savanna woodland; on Hunter, I, apparently prefers rock-strewn gullies.

Movement

Sedentary; birds in higher areas presumably descend to lower-lying areas in winter, although presence in winter near summits has been recorded. There is evidence of former wandering by flocks of immatures.

Diet and Foraging

Seeds  of eucalypts, myrtle, sassafras, Acacia dealbataSenecio linearifoliusRumexSolanumPimelea, and other trees, shrubs 

parrot Green Rosella

                                                                      Green Rosella

 

and grasses; berries of Coprosma and Cyathodes shrubs at higher altitudes, and of hawthorn Crataegus in winter; leaf-buds of Salix viminalisSchedotrioza psyllids and insect larvae were also taken.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Flight call is a bisyllabic plaintive metallic “keep!-uh”. When perched, also utters low-pitched nasal whining notes, e.g. “ah” or “nyah”, a series of somewhat bell-like notes, and subdued whistles and squeaks.

Breeding

Sept–Feb. Nest in hollow limb or hole in a tree, usually a eucalypt, but also in walls of remote decayed buildings and in one (failed) case when no suitable hollows available the disused nest of a passerine. Eggs 4–6; incubation lasts 19 days; nestling period c. 5 weeks.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Common throughout the small range, and only on King I, where much Eucalyptus has been cleared, has there been a significant reduction in numbers.


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