Green Rosella 36 cm; 90–165 g. Bill whitish, broad frontal band red, lower cheek and chin grey-blue; rest of head
outer edges of primaries, and outer tail feathers; underparts
Proposed race brownie (from King I), of which flaviventris a junior synonym, considered too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition. Monotypic.
Tasmania and larger Bass Strait islands (King I, Flinders I).
All wooded habitats within range are used, birds penetrating urban areas and visiting orchards and gardens, but the chief habitat is sclerophyll forest and savanna woodland; on Hunter, I, apparently prefers rock-strewn gullies.
Sedentary; birds in higher areas presumably descend to lower-lying areas in winter, although presence in winter near summits has been recorded. There is evidence of former wandering by flocks of immatures.
Diet and Foraging
Seeds of eucalypts, myrtle, sassafras, Acacia dealbata, Senecio linearifolius, Rumex, Solanum, Pimelea, and other trees, shrubs
and grasses; berries of Coprosma and Cyathodes shrubs at higher altitudes, and of hawthorn Crataegus in winter; leaf-buds of Salix viminalis. Schedotrioza psyllids and insect larvae were also taken.
Sounds and Vocal Behavior
Flight call is a bisyllabic plaintive metallic “keep!-uh”. When perched, also utters low-pitched nasal whining notes, e.g. “ah” or “nyah”, a series of somewhat bell-like notes, and subdued whistles and squeaks.
Sept–Feb. Nest in hollow limb or hole in a tree, usually a eucalypt, but also in walls of remote decayed buildings and in one (failed) case when no suitable hollows available the disused nest of a passerine. Eggs 4–6; incubation lasts 19 days; nestling period c. 5 weeks.
Not globally threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Common throughout the small range, and only on King I, where much Eucalyptus has been cleared, has there been a significant reduction in numbers.