Purple-crowned Lorikeet


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                         Purple-crowned Lorikeet 15 cm; 37–50 g. Bill black; frontal band and lores fiery red; crown deep purple; upper cheek to nape light green, except ear-coverts orange-yellow; chin and lower cheek to mid-belly pale blue, shading on flanks, thighs, and lower belly to light green;

Purple-crowned Lorikeet

mantle stained olive-brown; rest of upperparts rich green; the leading edge of wing blue; underwing-coverts red, the underside of flight-feathers brown. Immature has reduced head color.

Purple-Crowned Lorikeet

SOURCE: OzBirdZ

Systematics History

Forms a species pair with G. pusilla. Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

SW to SE Australia, including Kangaroo I, with vagrant flocks recorded as far N as SE Queensland.

Habitat

Lightly wooded inland country, notably dry mallee areas and open savanna, but also heavy Eucalyptus forest and coastal scrublands, often plentiful in suburbs.

Movement

Partly nomadic, some birds are seemingly sedentary but others form large flocks, and in Victoria (except extreme W) its presence in any area is related to the flowering of eucalypts.

Purple-crowned Lorikeet

SOURCE: Victorian Natives

Purple-crowned Lorikeet regularly penetrates far SW New South Wales, and vagrants have reached SE Queensland.

Diet and Foraging

Nectar and pollen from blossoms of various Eucalyptus  (at least 13 species identified), Melaleuca, and Myoporum insulare trees, sometimes moving to heathland for Banksia flowers in winter; fruits may also be taken, and the species may cause damage in orchards.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Commonest call a high-pitched, shrill but rather buzzy “tzip!” or “zeep!”. When feeding, repertoire is slightly more extensive, sounding like a chattering.

Breeding

Aug–Dec. Nest in a hollow limb or hole in the tree, usually a living or dead eucalypt near water. Often loosely colonial. Eggs  3–4; in captivity, incubation 22 days, nestling period c. 6 weeks.

Purple Crowned Lorikeets

SOURCE: Ray Smith

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in most of the range, becoming less frequent in Victoria; however, a substantial chronic decline in numbers is documented in SW Australia.


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