Elegant Parrot - Subspecies Distribution Habitat Breeding

Elegant Parrot


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993 shares, 1561 points

Elegant Parrot

Identification

Elegant Parrot 22–23 cm; 42–51 g. Extremely similar to N. chrysostoma 

but plumage brighter and more yellowish notably on breast, with inner wing-coverts 

concolorous with mantle 

, reducing the amount of blue in the wing, and with outer median coverts pale blue; pale blue upper fringe to line  across the forehead 

more prominent and replaces yellow postocular patch 

Systematics History

SW population described as race carteri, but considered too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition. Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

SW Western Australia, and SC South Australia (including Kangaroo I) to W Victoria.

Habitat

Coastal dunes, wooded and shrubby grasslands, mallee, eucalypt woodland, dry Acacia scrublands, blue bush flats, and saltbush Atriplex plains, favoring clumps of trees within cleared areas.

Movement

Partly nomadic, particularly at the edges of range; some small-scale seasonal movements may also occur, but records too few to determine a pattern. Records from Kangaroo I are from Nov–Apr, suggesting breeding presence followed by the winter period on the mainland.

Diet and Foraging

Seeds of clover TrifoliumPaspalum grasses, Lomandra, and several species of twinleaf Zygophyllum were recorded.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Not very vocal. When flushed an electric buzzy “zzt…”. Also an emphatic repeated “street!”. When feeding gives a soft twittering.

Breeding

Aug–Nov. Nest in hollows are usually high in trees, often in horizontal hollows in high limbs of isolated trees or trees in isolated clumps. Eggs 4–5; incubation c. 18 days; nestling period c. 30 days.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common, particularly in SW Australia, where since the 1930s numbers and range have increased in apparent response to land clearance and the use of clover T. subterraneum in pastures.


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