Plain Parakeet


Plain Parakeet parrots

Plain Parakeet

The Plain Parakeet is endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome of eastern Brazil, where it is a generally common resident in lowlands and foothills, to at least 1200 m, and is found from Alagoas south to Santa Catarina, and ranges inland as far as Goiás.

It inhabits forests, second growth, semi-open areas, and cities, provided there are some trees. Just as its name suggests, this is a plain green-colored parakeet,

although some blue is visible at the wing bend at rest and some bronzy coloration over the shoulder.

It feeds on fruit, seeds, and flowers, and perhaps also insects and their larvae, but given the Plain Parakeet’s general abundance—the species is common in many cities,

SOURCE: Didbird

including the huge metropolises of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo—it is perhaps surprising how little is known concerning this bird’s general biology.

Identification

Plain Parakeet 23 cm; 63 g. Green, slightly more yellowish on undersides; minor bluish tinge on nape; shoulder bronze-green, flight-feathers, and underside of tail bluish green.

Blue mutation on São Paulo coast. Immature has less blue in wings and shorter tails.

Plain Parakeet parrot

Plain Parakeet

Systematics History

Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

CE Brazil from Alagoas S to Santa Catarina; an isolated population recently found in the Rio Grande do Sul.

Habitat

Canopy and edge of lowland and montane rain forest, secondary growth, semi-open cultivated land with scattered groves, plantations, and city parks, generally in lowlands but ranging up to 1200 m.

Movement

Shifts in numbers occur, reflecting local seasonal movements.

Plain Parakeet

Plain Parakeet

Diet and Foraging

Pulp of Posoqueria latifolia, seeds of Ficus glabraTrema micranthaXylopia brasiliensisVrieseaRhipsalisCecropia gladioliHieronyma alchorneoidesMerostachis, seeds and flowers of Tibouchina mutabilis and the mistletoe Psittacanthus, flowers of Norantea brasiliensis and Eucalyptus, nectar of Pseudobombax, possibly insects and their larvae.

Plain Parakeets

Plain Parakeet

There are also photographs or videos of birds feeding on fruits or flowers of Ceiba speciosaErythrina mulunguSchefflera sp., Euterpe edulis, and Livistona Chinensis, as well as in feeding stations.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Commonest vocalizations include a rather high-pitched shrill “cree” or bisyllabic “cra-creep”, and a lower-pitched, harsh-sounding “cra-cra-cra”, given both in flight and perched.

Noisy in flight, individuals of a group often call simultaneously. Large groups can make a loud cacophonous noise.

Breeding

Probably Sept-Dec, the usual breeding season in SE Brazil, with records of the nest in Sept and young in Jan. Nest in hollow in a tree. In captivity: four eggs; incubation, only by female, lasted c. 26 days; young fledged at seven weeks.

SOURCE: edu8029

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in many parts of its range, and probably now stable after centuries of slow decline as agriculture cleared out trees in many areas.

Tolerates changes far more than any other parrot endemic to SE Brazil, as confirmed by its presence in heart of São Paulo. Present in many protected areas including Itatiaia National Park. Rare in captivity, and export banned from Brazil.


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Amanda