Pygmy Hanging-Parrot


Pygmy Hanging-Parrot 10–11 cm. Green, more yellowish on underparts; bill red; thin red spot on throat, bordered bluish below; rump and upper tail-coverts red; legs orange.

Pygmy-Hanging-Parrot

Female has red throat patch reduced or absent. Immature has no throat patch, yellowish bill, and legs.

Systematics History

Forms a species-group with L. pusillus and L. flosculus, and is sometimes considered conspecific with the latter. Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

Sulawesi and Butung.

Habitat

Hill and lowland forest, occasionally mangroves and trees in open country, from sea-level to 1000 m.

SOURCE: Birds Wildlife Indonesia

Movement

Probably nomadic, following the flowering of trees; in May 1871, after several months with only a single observation, large flocks appeared at the seaboard in extreme N Sulawesi, frequenting mangroves.

Diet and Foraging

Figs (Ficus), nectar, and blossoms.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Not well documented. Calls include short, staccato, high-pitched, insect-like notes, given in phrases of 2–4 notes, e.g. “tsi-tsi-tsi-tsik”.

Breeding

Feb and Aug. Nest in a hole in dead palm. Clutch size unknown, but egg size (in captivity) 18·9–19·6 mm × 14·3–15·7 mm.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Overlooked or decidedly local, generally in small numbers. Uncommon to rare, Dumoga-Bone National Park. Generally low numbers in trade, but 2131 reported by Indonesia in 1991; zero quotas were set in 1994 and 1995.


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