Red-rumped Parrot - Habitat Subspecies Breeding Diet Destribution

Red-rumped Parrot


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Identification

Red-rumped Parrot 27 cm; 54–70 g. Head and breast 

Parrot-Red-rumped

grass green, with blue tinge on forehead  and lower cheeks; belly 

Red-rumped

 

yellow shading to white on under tail-coverts; mantle, back 

Red-rumped parrot

 

and scapulars glaucous green, median wing-coverts edged pale yellow, remaining wing-coverts edged pale blue-grey, primaries blackish edged blue; rump red, upper tail-coverts green, tail dark green-tipped blackish, outer feathers tipped and edged whitish 

Red-rumped Parrots

 

Female  dull  brownish-green above 

parrot Red-rumped

 

, yellowish olive below. Immature similar to female but duller. Race caeruleus paler and bluer  .

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Two subspecies recognized.

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future, we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

Open woodland, mallee, savanna grassland, riverine growth, notably with Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and in one locality mangroves; also farmland and urban areas; apparently up to around 1100 m.

Movement

Sedentary, except at edges of range, where local movements occur.

Diet and Foraging

Seeds and green tissues of grasses and herbaceous plants, e.g. Erodium botrysFoeniculumBoerhaviaKochiaLinumEchinochloa crusgalliOnopordon acanthiumSynara cardunculusEchium plantagineumPapaver hybridum, and Stellaria media, occasionally in eucalypts on seeds and flowers; also seen feeding on seed-capsules of Goodenia ovata, fallen seeds of Schinus area, fruits of Nitraria.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Flight call is a high-pitched tinkling “tlee” or “see-tlee”, repeated in loose series. When perched, utters song-like phrases consisting of pure whistles and more grating notes, and short subdued warbles or squabbles.

Breeding

Aug–Jan, once Apr. Nest  in hollow  limb or hole in a tree 

Red-rumped-Parrot

 

, usually a eucalypt near water, but also stumps, fence posts, and in farm and suburban buildings, sometimes colonially. Eggs  4–8, usually five, size (in captivity) 21·9–23 mm × 17·5–19·4 mm; incubation lasts 19 days; nestling period c. 4 weeks.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common to abundant throughout its range. Although at the start of the twentieth century it was reportedly declining owing to overgrazing and a disease outbreak, after mid-century it was found to have expanded its range E and W, apparently in response to forest clearance and cereal cultivation.


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