Wallace’s Hanging-Parrot 11–12 cm. Green, lighter on underparts; bill red; throat with elongated red spot; nape tinged orange; rump and upper tail coverts red; legs orange. Female has red on throat reduced or sometimes absent. Immature undescribed.
Forms a species-group with L. exilis and L. pusillus, and sometimes considered conspecific with former. Monotypic.
Flores and satellite islands (Rinca), in Lesser Sundas.
Primary semi-evergreen forest, chiefly 800–1000 m but with records down to 450 m.
Diet and Foraging
Most sightings in 1993 were in fruiting fig trees, and dependence or specialization on this food resource was judged likely.
Sounds and Vocal Behavior
Mainly combinations of insect-like, short, staccato, high-pitched “tsee” or “tsik” notes.
ENDANGERED. CITES II. Previously considered Vulnerable. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Surveys in 1993 found it to be locally common in the Tanjung Kerita Mese proposed protected area, near Paku, but as little forest below 1000 m is included within existing protected areas on the island the species is considered vulnerable to rapid current habitat loss.
In 1983 and 1984 total of 70 birds were reported as exported from Indonesia, and capture quotas were set for Wallace’s Hanging-Parrots in most years down to 1993, although no trade was recorded.
Commercial importation into the EC has been banned since Dec 1989.