The Eclectus Parrot or Great Eclectus ( Eclectus roratus ) is a parrot native to Indonesia, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Moluccas, and northeastern Australia. 10 subspecies spread over its entire geographic distribution.
ECLECTUS IN NATURE
The Eclectus is an exception among parrots, indeed, it is one of the rare psittacines to have a dimorphism male is green with an orange bill, while the female is bluish-purple with a black bill.
An individual measures 30 to 40 cm for a weight of 380 to 800g for the strongest. It has an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years (and up to 50 years in captivity
Eclectus live solitary, in pairs, or in small groups which are often composed only of males during the nesting period. Mostly active (and noisy!) At dawn and dusk, it is more discreet the rest of the day. In the evening, he gladly joins cockatoos (especially yellow hoopoes) to make a common dormitory.
Even if occasionally, this bird descends to feed in agricultural plots, we mainly find Eclectus in wooded areas: forests, mangroves, plantations, cultivated plots (plantation of coconut palms, eucalyptus, etc.). They can live up to nearly 2,000 meters above sea level.
The Eclectus is pure arboreal, meaning that they spend almost all of their time in the canopy. This information is very important, perhaps even the most important because it contains all the information necessary for its good keeping in captivity.
In nature, its diet consists mainly of plants: fruits, seeds, flowers, buds, nuts, and nectar. Large Eclectus particularly appreciate pandanus, bananas, corn, figs, and papayas.
Eclectus parrot breeding
Eclectus parrot diet
In nature, Eclectus feed in trees, they eat all or some parts (leaves, nuts, seeds, fruits…). The Eclectus is therefore a pure vegetarian (and not a granivore), its digestive system is therefore adapted to this diet. Its digestive tract is shorter than that of other parrots, which allows them to assimilate nutrients that other parrots reject. His diet must, therefore, be made up accordingly: 80% fresh fruits and vegetables (60% minimum)! The portion of vegetables and fruit must be fair and above all DI-VER-SI-FIÉ
Here is a non-exhaustive list of fruits or vegetables that Eclectus appreciate:
Pomegranate (one of his favorites), mango, fig, guava, cherry, melon, stone fruit (peach, plum, …), citrus, pear, apple, banana, kiwi, grape, strawberry, passion fruit, watermelon, apricot tomato (ripe), …
Green beans, carrots, celery, spinach, snow peas, radishes, beets, chard, lettuce, zucchini, broccoli, squash, red and green peppers, corn, peppers, peas in general …
Be generous in foods rich in beta-carotene (basically orange and green vegetables!), It needs fairly high intakes.
Foods not recommended for Eclectus are:
- animal proteins (meat, eggs, fish, etc.)
- vitamin supplements. Eclectus are very sensitive to vitamins of synthetic origin, which is why they should never be given
- vitamin supplements. Their digestive system does not assimilate them, and in the long term, the vitamins create toxicity for the liver and kidneys.
- Tea, coffee
The rest of the Eclectus diet must be DI-VER-SI-FIÉ once more. It can include:
- sprouted legumes (perfect for providing the necessary vitamins). prefer large seeds. It is best to distribute them at the start of germination
- cooked cereals (rice, couscous, wheat, oats, pasta)
- a tiny bit of small seeds like millet and canary seed.
- nuts. (Please ban peanuts!). Even though they have a large beak (you shouldn’t have missed it!), Eclectus have a fragile beak, not being suited for breaking the hard shells of nuts. It is, therefore, necessary to present them open or unhooked.
- seeds. Mixtures for canaries and parakeets are often popular (yes, he prefers small seeds as surprising as it may seem!)!
- extrudates or pellets.
Let’s take a look at the extrudates … They should be distributed sparingly because they are often the cause of hypervitaminosis (I will talk about the consequences a little later).
The only extrudates I can recommend are the “Pretty Bird Specifique Eclectus” designed just for them. Despite everything, they must compose a very small part of the diet.
3 Myths About The Eclectus Parrot Diet | What Should Eclectus Parrots Really Eat!
Poor diet (extrudates / dry seeds …) has harmful consequences on the health of your bird: early death, sudden death, various pathologies, the tendency to obesity if a healthy and balanced diet …
The plumage is the best mirror of your bird’s health. A dull plumage, without shine, damaged, degraded by pecking is the reflection of a bad diet. So now you know how to fix it!
Eclectus are sensitive to vitamin overdose ( hypervitaminosis ) which can result in pecking (obviously) but also on aggressiveness, abnormal screaming and cries, involuntary movements of the fingers …
L’Éclectus consumes little water because most of its hydration is provided by fresh products. If your parrot consumes too many dry seeds or extrudates, then their body will not have enough water to process solid food and synthetic vitamins, leading to engorgement of the liver and overall chemical toxicity leading to more ailments (pecking, involuntary movements of the fingers…).
As with all animals, you must wash and clean the food. L’Éclectus appreciates its fresh food cut into small pieces (cube 1 to 2 cm, or grated). He needs 2 to 3 meals a day Each bowl can contain between 4 and 7 tablespoons of the daily ration.
Physical activity and toys
Along with a suitable diet, your bird should have the opportunity to exercise His cage must, therefore, be large enough and he must be able to stretch his wings daily. Good exercise helps the Eclectus maintain physical and mental health and is a necessity for a happy and healthy pet. L’Éclectus likes to climb, nibble on softwood, swing, play quietly with his toys, forage (especially with hanging enrichments), …
The Eclectus is no junkie for toys and other goodies. Be careful, don’t make me say what I didn’t say! He likes to have it available and play with it on a daily basis Above all, the Eclectus loves soft destruction toys (like cardboard boxes or thin and fresh branches) and foraging toys For more ideas on this site, refer to my book “Toys for my Parrot” and to the articles/tutorials online on african-parrot.com He often plays calmly and alone.