Fairy Lorikeet


Fairy Lorikeet 18–19 cm; 24–35 g. Red on head, nape, and underparts 

Fairy Lorikeet

except for a purplish-black patch on the mid-to hind crown, thin yellow streaks on breast, dusky thighs; wings 

Fairy Lorikeet parrot

green with red and green underwing-coverts and dark flight-feathers; rump patch dull blue, sometimes washed green; upper tail-coverts and proximal half of upper tail green, distal half red becoming yellow, underside yellow;

Fairy Lorikeet parrots

and bill legs orange-red. The Female has yellow patches on the sides of the rump. Immature has green in dark crown patch and thighs, and on breast, the yellow band across the underside of flight feathers. Race Rothschild has crown patch joined to the rear edge of dark supercilium, large green breast patch, dull purplish belly, no blue rump; female is more extensively green below.

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Populations of C & E New Guinea were formerly considered a separate race, Bella. Two subspecies were recognized.

Subspecies


SUBSPECIES

Charmosynopsis pulchella rothschildi Scientific name definitions

Distribution

NC New Guinea in Cyclops Mts and adjacent ranges.

SUBSPECIES

Charmosynopsis pulchella pulchella Scientific name definitions

Distribution

mountains from Vogelkop Peninsula E to the Huon Peninsula and SE New Guinea; recorded also in Fakfak Mts (Bomberai Peninsula, W New Guinea) (Gibbs 1994).

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future, we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

Forest, forest edge, and secondary areas in lower hills and mid-montane areas, variably occurring at altitudes of 500–1800 m, sometimes in lowlands.

Movement

Birds wander nomadically into lowlands at times, and presence in one area of uplands is directly related to the flowering of Melicope.

Diet and Foraging

Feeds 

parrot Fairy Lorikeet

at canopy flowers presumably on pollen and nectar; large Melicope trees appear important, and inflorescences of Elaeocarpus and Syzygium.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Calls include a high-pitched “tsit” and a thriller “skreet”. During feeding and in flight, groups maintain contact using continuous twittering.

Breeding

Dec–Jan, Apr. Nest a hole excavated in the base of an epiphyte. In captivity: 1–2 eggs, size 18·9 mm × 16·2 mm (Harrison and Holyoak 1970); incubation apparently 25 days; nestling period c. 2 months.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Scarce in some areas, common in others, and locally abundant. Levels of trade, almost all out of Indonesia, are generally low.


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