Fischer’s Lovebird


Fischer’s Lovebird 15 cm; 42–58 g. Forehead and bill red, less intense on rest of head and shading on the nape, sides of neck and throat to yellowish pink, then green on lower breast and belly; back, wings and tail dark green; upper tail-coverts dark blue. Immature has a duller head.

Systematics History

Sometimes treated as conspecific with A. personatus, and also on occasion with A. lilianae and A. nigrigenis; perhaps best considered to form a species-group with all three. Monotypic.

Subspecies

Feral populations exist in coastal Tanzania and Kenya, including Dar es Salaam and Mombasa (also Nairobi), and in SE France, some mixed or hybridizing with A. personatus.

Fischer’s Lovebird | BirdSpyAus

SOURCE: Bird Spy Australia

Distribution

Virtually confined to Tanzania S and E of L Victoria, including some islands off S shore; range centered on Serengeti. Records from S Kenya, Burundi, and Rwanda appear to refer to wild individuals irrupting in response to drought within normal range but could involve feral birds as well.

Habitat

Wooded grasslands with AcaciaCommiphora, and Adansonia, at 1100–2200 m, and cultivated areas to the W of its range; found to be commonest in savanna dominated by Acacia tortillas, with other Acacia and Balanites aegyptiaca the principal associates, and a ground layer of grasses made up of PenisetumDigitariaThemeda and Eustachys.

Fischer's Lovebird
In Serengeti present in all types of woodland and Borassus palms (Borassus aethiopum); this latter is the chief habitat in the S of range. Riverine forest, dominated by FicusZiziphusTamarindusAphaniaGarcinia, and Eckbergia, is an important dry season habitat. Avoids miombo woodland.
Fischer's-Lovebird

Movement

Sedentary, although with local dry season movements, and irruptions in Jul–Aug some years into Rwanda and Burundi.

Fischer's-Lovebird parrot

Diet and Foraging

Essentially granivorous, including seeds of the grass Pennisetum medium and weed Achyranthes asper collected from seedheads or off the ground; also takes Acacia seeds directly from the tree or on the ground.

Fruit includes Rhus villosaCommiphora and Ficus capensis. Drinks daily at waterholes and other surface water.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

The commonest vocalization is a screechy “krreek” or a disyllabic “chi-reek!”. When perched, utters a wide variety of chirruping and screechy notes; also short rattles. Large flocks maintain continuous twittering. No clear differences with A. personatusA. Liliana, and A. nitrogenize.

Fischer Lovebirds Singing

SOURCE: Movie Walls

Breeding

Jan–Apr, Jun–Jul. Most nests are 2–15 m up in dead trees or dead branches of living trees, commonly in old woodpecker or barbet holes in Acacia tortilis but also in natural cracks in Commiphora trothae branches, holes in Adansonia and frond-bases of Borassus palms; probably also sometimes in cliffs. In captivity : 3–8 eggs; incubation c. 23 days; nestling period 38 days.

Fischer’s Lovebird treatment

SOURCE: pet’s paradise veterinary clinic

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered near-­threatened. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Locally common, fairly common, and widespread.

The range centered on Serengeti National Park where generally common but recorded also in Tarangire and Arusha National Parks.
The total area of distribution c. 136,000 km², though possibly only 51,000 km² of suitable habitat within this. Large flocks of the 1930s are now greatly reduced (largest in recent survey 150); the current total population estimated 290,205–1,002,210 birds, of which 103,205–815,210 lie within protected areas, the remaining 187,000 living at very low density outside them.
The low densities are attributable to trade, with a peak of 87,566 birds exported in 1987, and an average annual export of 56,481 in the years 1982–1990, probably representing a minimum offtake of 644,500 in the years 1982–1992, making it then the most highly traded parrot in the world. In 1992 no export quota was issued, suspending trade.

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Amanda