Leaf Lorikeet


Leaf Lorikeet 25 cm. A fairly small and very green lorikeet, with dark green head marked by glittering green streaking, turquoise-blue on forehead and lores, much paler greenish-yellow breast and hind collar;

Leaf Lorikeet

in-flight yellowish-green underwing-coverts visible; some birds show slight reddish or yellowish suffusion on breast and thighs.

 

Sexes alike. No other species on Flores should be confused with this one; T. euteles of Timor and a number of islands to N has an all-yellow rather than green head.

Systematics History

Sometimes thought to be closer to T. euteles. With one exception, has hitherto been treated as a subspecies within the widespread Rainbow Lorikeet T. haematodus complex,

but differs in its rather pale green areas; mid-green belly patch; dark green head with glittering green streaking; small size (smaller than relatively small forsteni; at least 1). Monotypic.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

Flores.

Habitat

Found in rainforest and casuarinas at elevations up to 1200–1400 m.

Movement

None known.

Diet and Foraging

Unstudied, but unlikely to be very different to T. haematodus

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Apparently undescribed, but presumably this species is similar to other members of the T. haematodus complex.

Breeding

Only data are that birds in breeding condition have been noted in Jun and breeding has been reported Feb–Aug.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II.

Population estimated at 10,000–20,000 individuals and considered to be declining, but no robust and dedicated island-wide surveys have been conducted for the species.

Habitat destruction through combined impacts of firewood collection, commercial logging, timber extraction for construction materials, and clearance for agriculture probably represent the most important threat.

Leaf Lorikeet parrot

Loss and fragmentation of forests are already extensive on the island, where no semi-evergreen forest below 1000 m is included within gazetted protected areas.

Threats compounded by human population expansion, with large volumes of timber required for housing construction, and little or no governmental enforcement of laws.

parrot Leaf Lorikeet

 

Moist deciduous forest is currently being extensively cleared through land grabbing and establishment of agricultural areas, while forest clearance continues in the coastal belt for crops, and illegal logging continues in protected areas.

Presumably trapping for the wild bird trade represents a further threat, although it has not been quantified.


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