Sunset Lorikeet


Sunset Lorikeet parrot

Identification

Sunset Lorikeet25–30 cm. Distinctive and colorful, with a dark blue head, pale green collar, plain red breast, and dark blue belly.

The rest of the plumage is bright pale green, and in-flight shows a bright yellow wing flash across the inner part of flight feathers,

with deep red underwing-coverts. Similar to T. haematodus, with which this species was previously regarded as conspecific, but has redder and totally unbarred breast,

extensive dark blue patch on the central belly that extends onto the ventral region, dark purple-blue band on the upper mantle, and mainly yellow lower flanks and under tail-coverts, with slight green barring. Sexes are alike.

Sunset Lorikeet

Immature is duller than an adult, with a brownish-black bill and eyes (orange-red in adult), and a more pointed tail.

Race mitchellii is slightly smaller, and lacks a dark blue band on the upper mantle; race djampeanus differs from nominating only in having brighter blue streaking on the head;

race stresemanni has orange breast with virtually no dark edgings, green streaking on the rear crown, sides of belly patch suffused greener, poorly defined blue mantle band, and has yellow or orange bases to mantle feathers.

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

With one exception, has hitherto been treated as a group of subspecies within the widespread Rainbow Lorikeet T. haematodus complex, but differs from morphologically closest forms (T. haematodusT. RosenbergT. moluccanus) by various combinations involving crab-red breast (at least 2);

dark blue on the nape (3); dark blue on the belly (at least 2); and smaller size (at least 1). Four subspecies were recognized.

Subspecies

SUBSPECIES

Trichoglossus forsteni mitchellii Scientific name definitions

Distribution

Bali and W Lesser Sundas (Lombok).

Trichoglossus forsteni forsteni Scientific name definitions

Distribution

W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa).

Trichoglossus forsteni djampeanus Scientific name definitions

Distribution

Tanahjampea, in Flores Sea.

Trichoglossus forsteni stresemanni Scientific name definitions

Distribution

Kalaotoa, in Flores Sea.

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future, we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

Most types of lowland and lower montane wooded country; tends to favor edges and disturbed vegetation rather than the interior of closed-canopy formations.

Typically from sea-level to 500–700 m, but to 2150 m on Lombok and 1200 m on Sumbawa.

Movement

Nothing known.

Diet and Foraging

No specific data, but presumably similar to T. haematodus.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

No known differences between this species and T. haematodus.

Breeding

No information, other than birds reported in breeding condition in May on Sumbawa. Nests in a deep hole in a large tree.

Conservation Status

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Java and Bali Forests EBA and Northern Nusa Tenggara EBA. Found (at least formerly) on the islands of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Tanahjampea and Kalaotoa, Indonesia.

No robust estimate, but population suspected in 2016 to be 1600–7000 mature individuals, undergoing moderately rapid population declines caused by trapping for the wild bird trade.

Sunset Lorikeet, Red Lory Play Time #shorts

SOURCE: Basona Birds Bangladesh

Subspecies mitchelli rare on Bali, where possibly a recent colonizer from Lombok; although common above 1300 m in the 1910s and 1920s, repeated searches have not found the species.

On Lombok taxon, Mitchell had not been recorded for many years, until a flock of 18 was found above 1500 m on Mt Rinjani in Sep 2015.

Nominate forsteni (Sumbawa) once seasonally common on Sembalun plateau; recent sightings suggest that it is not in danger.

Weakly marked race djampeanus likely to have been trapped to near-extinction on Tanahjampea, to which it is endemic, by 1990s; now almost certainly extinct, having not been found on visits in 2011, 2013, and 2014.

Kalaotoa has not been visited by ornithologists for two decades; the most recent record of endemic subspecies Stresemann was of two heard in 1995.


Like it? Share with your friends!