Red cheeked Parrot - Identification Systematics History Subspecies Habitat

Red cheeked Parrot


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Red cheeked Parrot

Identification

21–27 cm; 130–180 g. Green above, yellowish-green below; upper mandible red, lower black; head red except mid- to hind crown pale violet-blue; dull red stain on median wing-coverts; underwing-coverts blue. Female 

 

has entire head 

dusky brown, with the brownish-grey bill. Immature has a green head with brown tinges, dull bill. Race floresianus darker with violet extending onto nape; cyanicollis

 

with long blue-collar; obiensis with wider blue-collar, back brownish; rhodopsin large, dark; exploratory like rhodops but a female with paler forecrown; keyensis large and yellowish, with paler tail; timorlaoensis

 

similar but smaller; aruensis like floresianus but paler; orientalis similar but a paler violet crown; sudestiensis also similar but yellowish, without brown wing-coverts; cyanicarpus with mauve-violet on face, blue edge to wing; minor like aruensis but back brownish; jobiensis similar but back more reddish; mysoriensis also similar but violet-blue extends over hindneck and red over throat; pucherani

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Race explorator rather poorly differentiated, maybe better synonymized with rhodops. Proposed races sumbavensis and tjindanae are synonyms of floresianusstresemanni is included within rhodopsin. Seventeen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies


SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicollis Scientific name definitions

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicollis

G. g. cyanicollis+1

Distribution
N Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi obiensis Scientific name definitions

Geoffroyus geoffroyi obiensis

G. g. obiensis

Distribution
NC Moluccas (Obi, Bisa).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi rhodops Scientific name definitions

Distribution
S Moluccas (Buru, Boano, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi explorator Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Seram Laut Is (E of Seram).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi keyensis Scientific name definitions

Geoffroyus geoffroyi keyensis

G. g. keyensis

Distribution
Kai Is (Kai Kecil, Kai Besar).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi floresianus Scientific name definitions

Distribution
W Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Besar, Sumba).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi geoffroyi Scientific name definitions

Geoffroyus geoffroyi geoffroyi

G. g. geoffroyi+1

Distribution
C Lesser Sundas (Wetar, Timor, Semau).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi timorlaoensis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Tanimbar Is (E Lesser Sundas).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi pucherani Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Gebe, W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool) and NW New Guinea.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi minor Scientific name definitions

Distribution
N New Guinea from E Geelvink Bay E to Astrolabe Bay.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi jobiensis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Mios Num and Yapen, in Geelvink Bay.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysorensis Scientific name definitions

Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysorensis

G. g. mysorensis

Distribution
Numfor and Biak, in N Geelvink Bay.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi orientalis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Huon Peninsula (NE New Guinea).

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi sudestiensis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Misima and Tagula, in Louisiade Archipelago.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicarpus Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Rossel, in E Louisiade Archipelago.

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi aruensis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Aru Is; lowlands of S and E New Guinea, and D’Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson I, Goodenough I).

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future, we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

Lowlands generally to c. 800 m, sometimes higher (e.g. 1400 m, Flores and Lombok, and 1440 m, Buru), in primary and secondary wet and monsoon forest, being much less frequent in open habitat, but in Lesser Sundas and on a few other islands seems to be commoner in the drier open coastal country including savanna woodland, coconut plantations as well as gardens, mangroves, nypa forest, freshwater swamp- and dryland forest and small offshore islands.

Movement

Substantial daily flights are made, but no hard evidence of seasonal movements.

Diet and Foraging

Seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, flower buds, blossoms all recorded, but seeds within fruit, such as Eucalyptus papuanaCasuarina papuana and Alpinia, appear important; also seen taking the fruit of the savanna tree Antidesma gaisambulla and Ganophyllum falcatum, and mistletoes.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Very vocal. Vocabulary includes a wide variety of calls, e.g. nasal screeches repeated at a constant pace, whistles on an even pitch of which some are quite melodious and others sound like a horn, as well as various squabbling phrases.

Breeding

Apr–Aug in Lesser Sundas; Feb in NW New Guinea; Oct in NE New Guinea; Apr and Oct-Dec in S New Guinea (probably in most of the year throughout the island); Aug–Dec in Australia. Nest in a hole excavated by a female in dead trunk or branch, 4–25 m up; on Sumba keeps apart from nesting associations made by other psittacids; in Australia noted to nest often at the forest edge, or in Melaleuca or Pandanus woodland adjacent to the rain forest. Eggs 3; incubation by the female; young stay with parents perhaps into the second year, possibly assisting at the nest.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common to abundant throughout much of range; estimated at 30 birds/km² in one area of New Guinea, and at 80 birds/km² on Halmahera. Common on Sumba, Bacan, Obi, and the coast of Seram, less so in interior hills, and this diminution of numbers with elevation applies apparently throughout the range. Moderate numbers throughout Buru. Population of race aruensis in N Australia very restricted and feared likely to suffer from loss of suitable old nest-trees through late dry-season fires.


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