Red Cheeked Parrot


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Red Cheeked Parrot

Red Cheeked Parrot  21–27 cm; 130–180 g. Green above, yellowish-green below; upper mandible red, lower black; head red except mid- to hind crown pale violet-blue; dull red stain on median wing-coverts; underwing-coverts blue.

Female has entire head dusky brown, with the brownish-grey bill. Immature has a green head with brown tinges, a dull bill. Race floresianus darker with violet extending onto nape; cyanicollis

with long blue-collar; obiensis with wider blue-collar, back brownish; rhodopsin large, dark; exploratory like rhodops but a female with paler forecrown; keyensis large and yellowish, with paler tail; timorlaoensis

similar but smaller; aruensis like floresianus but paler; orientalis similar but a paler violet crown; sudestiensis also similar but yellowish, without brown wing-coverts; cyanicarpus with mauve-violet on the face, blue edge to wing;

minor like aruensis but back brownish; jobiensis similar but back more reddish; mysoriensis also similar but violet-blue extends over hindneck and red over throat; pucherani

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Red Cheeked Parrot Race exploratory rather poorly differentiated, maybe better synonymized with rhodopsin. Proposed races sumbavensis and tjindanae are synonyms of floresianusstresemanni is included within rhodopsin. Seventeen subspecies were recognized.

Subspecies

SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicollis Scientific name definitions

         G. g. cyanicollis+1

Distribution

N Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi obiensisScientific name definitions

G. g. obiensis

Distribution

NC Moluccas (Obi, Bisa).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi rhodopsScientific name definitions

Distribution

S Moluccas (Buru, Boano, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi exploratorScientific name definitions

Distribution

Seram Laut Is (E of Seram).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi keyensisScientific name definitions

G. g. keyensis

Distribution

Kai Is (Kai Kecil, Kai Besar).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi floresianusScientific name definitions

Distribution

W Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Besar, Sumba).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi geoffroyiScientific name definitions

G. g. geoffroyi+1

Distribution

C Lesser Sundas (Wetar, Timor, Semau).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi timorlaoensisScientific name definitions

Distribution

Tanimbar Is (E Lesser Sundas).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi pucheraniScientific name definitions

Distribution

Gebe, W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool) and NW New Guinea.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi minorScientific name definitions

Distribution

N New Guinea from E Geelvink Bay E to Astrolabe Bay.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi jobiensisScientific name definitions

Distribution

Mios Num and Yapen, in Geelvink Bay.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysorensisScientific name definitions

G. g. mysorensis

Distribution

Numfor and Biak, in N Geelvink Bay.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi orientalisScientific name definitions

Distribution

Huon Peninsula (NE New Guinea).
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi sudestiensisScientific name definitions

Distribution

Misima and Tagula, in Louisiade Archipelago.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicarpusScientific name definitions

Distribution

Rossel, in E Louisiade Archipelago.
SUBSPECIES

Geoffroyus geoffroyi aruensisScientific name definitions

Distribution

Aru Is; lowlands of S and E New Guinea, and D’Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson I, Goodenough I).

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future, we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

Red cheeked Parrot

Lowlands generally to c. 800 m, sometimes higher (e.g. 1400 m, Flores and Lombok, and 1440 m, Buru), in primary and secondary wet and monsoon forest, being much less frequent in open habitat,

but in Lesser Sundas and on a few other islands seems to be commoner in the drier open coastal country including savanna woodland, coconut plantations as well as gardens, mangroves, nypa forest, freshwater swamp- and dryland forest and small offshore islands.

Movement

Substantial daily flights are made, but no hard evidence of seasonal movements.

Diet and Foraging

Seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, flower buds, blossoms are all recorded, but seeds within fruit, such as Eucalyptus papuanaCasuarina papuana, and Alpinia, appear important; also seen taking the fruit of the savanna tree Antidesma gaisambulla and Ganophyllum falcatum, and mistletoes.

red-cheeked parrot

Red Cheeked Parrot

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Very vocal. Vocabulary includes a wide variety of Red Cheeked Parrot calls, e.g. nasal screeches repeated at a constant pace, whistles on an even pitch of which some are quite melodious and others sound like a horn, as well as various squabbling phrases.

Breeding

Apr–Aug in Lesser Sundas; Feb in NW New Guinea; Oct in NE New Guinea; Apr and Oct-Dec in S New Guinea (probably in most of the year throughout the island); Aug–Dec in Australia.

Red Cheeked Parrot Nest in a hole excavated by a Red Cheeked Parrot female in dead trunk or branch, 4–25 m up; on Sumba keeps apart from nesting associations made by other psittacids;

in Australia noted to nest often at the forest edge, or in Melaleuca or Pandanus woodland adjacent to the rain forest. Red Cheeked Parrot Eggs 3; incubation by the female; young stay with parents perhaps into the second year, possibly assisting at the nest.

Conservation Status

red cheeked bird

Red Cheeked Parrot Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common to abundant throughout much of range; estimated at 30 birds/km² in one area of New Guinea, and at 80 birds/km² on Halmahera.

Common on Sumba, Bacan, Obi, and the coast of Seram, less so in interior hills, and this diminution of numbers with elevation applies apparently throughout the range. Moderate numbers throughout Buru.

The population of race aruensis in N Australia is very restricted and feared likely to suffer from loss of suitable old nest trees through late dry-season fires.


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