Red-winged Parrot


Red-winged Parrot

Aprosmictus erythropterus Scientific name definitions

  • LC Least Concern
  • Names (16)
  • Subspecies (2)

Identification

30–32 cm; 156 g. Green on head, nape, underparts 

© Gustavo A. RodriguezWest Arnhem, Northern Territory, Australia 23 Jun 2008Macaulay Library ML 205415081eBird S65119338

and rump; bill orange red; mantle, uppper back  and secondaries greenish black; lesser, median and secondary coverts red; primaries and tail  dark green, latter tipped yellow; lower back deep blue 

© Hal and Kirsten SnyderWest Arnhem, Northern Territory, Australia 25 Dec 2013Macaulay Library ML 204335361eBird S64980684

Female  duller, with reduced red in wing  and no greenish black. Immature like female. Race coccineopterus  smaller, with blue wash on hindcrown 

© Hal and Kirsten SnyderWest Arnhem, Northern Territory, Australia 25 Dec 2013Macaulay Library ML 204335351eBird S64980684

.

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.Forms a species-pair with A. jonquillaceus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies


SUBSPECIES

Aprosmictus erythropterus coccineopterus Scientific name definitions

Distribution

Trans-Fly lowlands of s New Guinea and n Australia


SUBSPECIES

Aprosmictus erythropterus erythropterus Scientific name definitions

A. e. erythropterus+1

Distribution

EC Australia.

Distribution

Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Habitat

In Australia open Eucalyptus forest  , riverine thickets, Melaleuca woodland, arid Acacia scrubland, Casuarina and Callitris groves in rocky country, and mangroves; in New Guinea subcoastal wooded savanna. Rarely far from water.

Movement

Relatively sedentary in climatically more stable regions, but rather nomadic elsewhere with irregular movements along fringes of range in Australia. Reports of large flocks in New Guinea suggest seasonal movements there.

Diet and Foraging

Preference shown for seeds of eucalypts, acacias  and hopbush (Dodonea), plus mistletoe Loranthus berries and Grevillea blossoms; fruits of Geijera parviflora, seeds of Cochlospermum fraseriAmyema preissiiGahniaCrotalaria and Schinus areira also noted, as well as other seeds, nuts, fruits  , blossoms  , nectar and insects such as lerps Spondyliaspis eucalypti and curculionid larvae. Visits croplands to feed on ripening grain.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Commonest vocalization a repeated shrill rolling disyllabic “curleek”. When perched, also a short rising “krit!” or “quit!”, sometimes doubled or in loose series, as well as various chirpy twittering notes.

Breeding

Aug–Feb generally, but Apr–Jul in NE Australia. Nest high in hollow limb or deep hole in tree  , often a waterside eucalypt. Eggs  3–5, sometimes 6; incubation, by female only, lasts c. 3 weeks; nestling period c. 5 weeks.

Conservation Status

Conservation status on BirdlifeLC Least Concern

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally common, locally abundant, and possibly benefiting from forest clearance in parts of Australia  , where sometimes illegally persecuted due to crop depredations. International trade up to 1987 consisted of several hundred birds annually, but after 1987 numbers doubled, with 1144 exported in 1990, all birds coming from Indonesia; at around this time evidence of systematic trapping was encountered, and quotas, although not exceeded, appeared to have no biological basis.


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