Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot


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Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot 15 cm. Generally green, more yellowish on underparts; bill black; forehead to the front of the eye and mid-crown red; nape and mantle tinged orange; throat patch red; the edge of wing red; rump and upper tail-coverts maroon; legs orange.

Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot

Female lacks red on the crown; throat patch often reduced. Immature similar, with throat patch yellowish and wing edge yellowish, bill and legs duller.

Systematics History

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Forms a species-group with L. sclateriL. amabilisL. catameneL. aurantiifrons and L. tener. Races croconotus and quadricolor were considered in HBW to be based on slight, probably individual variation, but closer study has demonstrated their validity. Three subspecies were recognized.

Subspecies

Monotypic.

Distribution

Sulawesi and adjacent islands.

Habitat

Inhabits primary and tall secondary lowland and hill forest, forest edge, lightly wooded cultivation and scrub, mangrove and coconut plantations, occurring from sea-level to 1000 m.

Movement

Apparently nomadic or migratory: in S Sulawesi recorded as most numerous, Oct-Dec.

Diet and Foraging

Nectar from blossoms of Eugenia, flowers of Ceiba pentandra, and soft fruits such as figs (Ficus) and Tamarindus.

Sulawesi Hanging Parrot

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Flight call a high-pitched thin two-noted “tzee-seee” (the second note higher-pitched) or a tripled “tzee-see-seee”. When perched, vocabulary is slightly more varied, but all notes are short, quite pure, and high-pitched.

Breeding

Jan–Feb, Apr-Jun, and Aug. Nest in the hole in bamboo or broken tree trunk. Two young recorded in a nest.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Considered widespread and common throughout the range, occurring in a wide variety of habitats including several extensively modified by humans.


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