This is when a wild animal is taken into captivity. Adaptation is more or less easy depending on the age of the animal and the environment. We could note variable stresses. For example, physiological stress (light, climate), food (distribution of resources, social and defense (fear of other animals). A good knowledge of the behaviors and needs of the species is necessary to provide acceptable captive conditions. In general, animals need: to feed themselves, to eliminate, to sleep, to play, to relax, to reproduce, to establish a social bond, to communicate and to have a habitat.
Animals have the same needs whether they are in the wild, in captivity or domesticated. Some behaviors can never be stopped. On the other hand, humans can exercise some control by teaching the animal the right way to act.
Definition: process by which humans structurally and physiologically modified certain species of animals and their behaviors by maintaining them in or near human dwellings and by giving birth from these individuals, those who seemed most able to fulfill the objectives.
The economic objectives are:
- Prolonged maternal behavior
- Good growth rate. Optimal performance
- Easier adaptability
Not all species can be successfully domesticated.
Certain characteristics favor domestication
- Social organization
- Sensitive period of socialization
- Ability to reproduce under domestic conditions
- Lack of agility
- Habitat flexibility
- Reduction of aggressiveness through physical treatment (castration, dehorning, etc.)
What Causes Behavior Problems?
Human ignorance that practices herding, poor understanding of behavior, anthropomorphism, mistreatment, isolation, lack of handling, lack of stimulation, type of habitat, source or type of food.
What are the behaviors resulting from such breeding?
Difficulty reproducing, stereotypical behavior, excessive fear, anxiety, dread, depression.