Pionus Maximilian

maximilian pionus
Pionus Maximilian or Pionus parrot or define pious, The name of this pionus comes from a German prince Maximilian Alexander who worked a lot on the subject in Brazil.
 The pionus Maximilian or Scaly-headed parrot suffers locally from decline following deforestation, industrialization in forest areas, and large catches.
The Maximilian Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot (Pionus maximiliani), is present in South America, from northern Brazil to Bolivia, but also in Paraguay and Argentina. In the wild, it lives in pairs or in small colonies of around fifty individuals in low-altitude forests and wooded areas, feeding in the canopy.It owes its name to the German Prince, collector, and naturalist Maximilian Alexander Philipp Zu Wied-Neuweid, who came to collect species in Brazil between 1815 and 1817.Pionus species:
  • Pionus maximiliani Maximilian (the reference species)
  • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus
  • Pionus maximiliani siy
  • Pionus maximiliani lacerus.

Pionus size

With its 29 to 30 cm approximately for 210 g, it is a small to medium-sized bird depending on the subjects and the largest of all the Pionus.

It’s a very dark color, at first sight, takes on its full dimension in the light of the sun, revealing subtle nuances. Its head feathers are edged in gray, giving them the appearance of small scales.

Its body is pale green above and tapers to bronze below, with numerous feathers tinged with varying shades of olive-brown, blue, and gray on its back and wings.

The skin around its brown eyes is white while its beak is charcoal gray with a horn-colored area where the mandibles meet. Sexual dimorphism being non-existent in him, a DNA test is necessary to distinguish males from females.

Description: There were no obvious differences between males and females in this sample. The plumage of most of the body is dark green, paler, and more bronze brown below.

The forehead is almost black. The head feathers are widely spotted with gray giving it a very typical appearance of this subspecies.

Maximilian Pionus Breeding

Chin and throat are dark blues with a blue-purple stripe across the throat and upper chest. The central tail feathers are green. The outer feathers are blue with a red base. The underside of the tail is red. The bill is yellow with a dark gray base of the upper mandible. The skin in the eye area is gray. 
The iris is dark brown. The legs are gray. Immature birds differ from adults by a paler green head, sometimes a reddish forehead with less blue coloration under the throat. The iris is dark.


A spacious cage of 1.50 m X 80 X 60 is the minimum required to accommodate him, a play area allowing him in addition to occupying himself actively outside his cage. Ideally, it should have enough room to fly from perch to perch. 
However, beware of his skills as a lock picker, as he readily learns to open the latches of his cage. It requires several hours out of the latter each day, which implies great availability on the part of its master. 
Toys to manipulate or study (understand to reduce to matches) are to be expected in sufficient quantity to renew its interest by regular rotations, but it is not a big destroyer in general. 


A mixture of seeds for small parrots or extrudates makes up the basis of its diet, variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. Some foods are toxic to him, be careful.


Maximilian Pionus Reproduction

Reproduction requires the formation of a mature pair, the establishment of a nest-box, and a specific aviary. The female lays three to five eggs and then incubates them for about 26 days.

Spinach and other green vegetables must then appear on his menu regularly, as well as mealworms. Fresh corn is then particularly appreciated too, especially on the cob.

The young are weaned between 2.5 and 3 months. Juveniles are then recognizable by their darker appearance and the less marked presence of purplish-blue on the throat.

He is a friendly, curious, and intelligent parrot who delights his human family. It is a very good choice as a first bird because it knows how to stay relatively calm.

However, he can be exclusive with his owner, even jealous to the point of trying to push back those who come between his beloved master and him. This occurs especially in males.

He does not lack confidence and willingly experiments with the same toys as the largest parrots. It is balanced, which does not prevent it from having character.

He has an excellent memory, so he never forgets what he learns, whether it’s education or games. It’s not a biting bird by nature. With time and patience, he can also learn a few words.

The proximity of neighbors does not pose a particular problem, because the sound volume of his cries is acceptable. For comparison, it is less noisy than a Conure or an Amazon.

This species is robust, but it is also the most sensitive to aspergillosis, so special attention must be paid to the maintenance of its cage and to remove peanuts from its food ration, especially those wrapped in its shell, these peanuts carrying the germ in question.

Maximilian’s Parrot has been in Appendix II of CITES since 1981 because although it is still common in the wild, its population seems to be in a slight decline. Its detention does not require any authorization.

The subspecies of Pionus maximiliani

Scaly-headed parrot

The other two subspecies differ very little from this description as can be seen from the descriptions below: Scaly-headed parrot melanoblepharus is larger than in the description of the species; it measures 31 cm.

This subspecies is similar to this description but it is much darker in the green coloration of the lower chest, abdomen, and back and recognizable especially in turn with dark eyes. The chest band is also slightly darker and more extensive.

The Maximilian Pionus say is also larger than in the initial description and marks 30 cm. The general appearance is also similar to this description except for the lower abdomen, back, and flight feathers which have a strong sustained bronze tint.

The band on the chest has a slightly reddish-purple tint and is slightly more extensive than in the description. The Pionus maximiliani lacerus is larger and measures 31 cm. It is very similar to Pm say but the bronze tint is weaker.

The band on the chest is more extensive and more bluish.

Discover our other files on the pionus.

Scaly-headed parrot!

SOURCE: Tom Leclercq

Pionus parrot price

Pionus parrot price: 500$ to 2,000$

Pionus parrot lifespan

in captivity Pionus parrot live for up to 40 years, and some can live even longer

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