The Rose-ringed parrot/Indian ringneck parrot ( Psittacula krameri ) is a species of large parakeet of Afro-Asian origin today acclimatized to Western Europe. The species is named after the Austrian naturalist Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer.
Indian ringneck is often bred in captivity for the beauty of its plumage, and populations returned to the wild now exist in the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy.
The tail is long and has azure blue undertones. The belly and the underside of the wings are yellowish. A black line connects the cere (base of the beak) to the eyes. The upper mandible of the bill is red, while the lower is black.
There is a sexual dimorphism:
- The male Rose-ringed parrot/Indian ringneck is distinguished by a black collar extending from the beak to the neck as well as by a thin red band on the nape;
- Females Rose-ringed parrot/Indian ringneck and juveniles of both sexes (up to age 3) are often paler and have shorter tails; they do not present a collar or else a simple gray shading and light bands on the nape (always of the same color but of shades paler than the surrounding plumage).
The flight is quick and direct, associated with screaming during group flights.
Rose-ringed parrots (Indian ringneck) are gregarious during their feeding and breeding periods. They gather at nightfall on a dormitory tree to spend the night there. In the early morning, they fly away to feed. During the breeding season (March-April), the roost is generally abandoned in favor of breeding sites until the fall.
The nesting is called cavernicole, which means that the eggs are laid in crevices, often in hollow trees. Old plane trees are often used. Clutches are 2 to 6 eggs that are incubated for 21 days. The young, usually 2-3, are fed in the nest for about 40 days.
The life expectancy is around thirty years in captivity.
The ring-necked parakeet or Rose-ringed parrot or Indian ringneck feeds mainly on fruits and seeds. She’s an opportunist. In Africa, its diet is based on fruits (such as those of Ficus and baobab trees, figs, mangoes, and guavas ) and seeds.
In Europe, the species prefers urban environments where the temperature is higher and where it can find its sustenance (fruits, seeds, shoots), in particular in bird feeders.
For the moment, therefore, it is not blamed for significant damage to harvests in Europe. On the other hand, it is considered to be a plague for the cereal and fruit crops in Asia.
In captivity, the favorite food of this bird consists of various plants ( almonds, peanuts, berries, cereals, edible flowers, fruits, seed and/or legume germs, vegetables, very cooked legumes, nuts, al dente pasta, quinoa, rice, greenery …).
Indian ringneck breeders [Indian redneck parakeet]
Natural Distribution and subspecies
The Indian ringneck parrot naturally inhabits tree savannas and tropical cultivated areas in Africa and Asia. She is sedentary. The species Psittacula krameri is subdivided into four subspecies that are very similar morphologically but have different distribution areas:
- P. k. krameri , commonly known as the parakeet-necked-African or African ringneck nominal (Scopoli, 1769) localized from Senegal to western Uganda and southern Sudan;
- P. k. parvirostris , commonly known as the Abyssinian-collared parakeet (Souance, 1856) located from eastern Sudan to northern Ethiopia and Somalia.
- P. k. borealis , commonly known as Neumann’s collared parakeet (Neumann, 1915) located from eastern Pakistan to Myanmar;
- P. k. manillensis , commonly known as the Indian-collared parakeet (Bechstein, 1800) located in southern India and Sri Lanka.
The morphological differences between subspecies are minor and concern the size of the bird, that of its beak, and the color of the latter.
The genus Psittacula includes 15 species of parakeets including the very rare Mauritius parakeet ( Psittacula echo ), strictly localized in Mauritius, and the large parakeet Alexander ( Psittacula eupatria ).
Indian ringneck parrots or Rose-ringed parrots are very popular with breeders. They are sturdy and easy to raise. Indian ringnecks are mainly of the subspecies P. k. manillensis , more rarely Pk borealis and P. k. krameri . Ring-necked parakeets or Indian ringneck parrots established in Europe are most likely liberated or escaped breeding parakeets. Many mutations in the color of the plumage have been selected: lutino, blue, turquoise blue, albino, crème-ino, cinnamon, lacewing, buttercup …
Blue Indian ringneck parrot
- Blue mutation.
- Turquoise-green and turquoise lacewing (rare mutations)/green indian ringneck.
- lutino and cinnamon turquoise (juveniles).
Yellow indian ringneck parrot
The Indian ringneck parrot or Rose-ringed parrot has been introduced to Europe and America from its natural range. Feral populations exist in England (around 50,000 individuals in London),
in Spain (especially in Andalusia and Catalonia), in Italy (Genoa, Milan, Rome, Florence, Syracuse, Bolzano / Bolzen, etc.), in Germany (Cologne, Bonn), in the Netherlands (Amsterdam, Utrecht, Leyden ) and in some cities of Europe, recently we have seen several roaming free in Casablanca in Morocco in a public garden in the city center ( Murdoch Park ).
The Rose-ringed parrot or Indian ringneck parrot is sometimes considered an invasive species, However, a large scientific study published in 2019 shows that this parakeet’s competition with other birds is very relative and Reporter magazine considers that it should not be qualified as an invasive species.
In Brussels, for example, the population of ring-necked parakeets is estimated at several thousand individuals and is expanding rapidly.
Some specialists are concerned about competition with local avian species such as the house sparrow, the Eurasian nuthatch, and the common starling whose nesting habits are similar, or with bat species such as the large nocturnal. The origin of the Brussels population dates back to 1973-1974.
Forty ring-necked parakeets/Indian ringneck parrot take flight from Meli Park Heysel zoo. Forty years later, they reproduced and their number is estimated at over 8,000 individuals.
It has also been present in Île-de-France for several years, increasing from 1,100 individuals in 2008 to more than 5,000 in 2016, particularly in parks and gardens; they were first reported near Orly and Charles-de-Gaulle airports, through which they probably arrived. They are also found in the south of France as well as in other French cities such as in the suburbs of Lille or Nancy.
Indian Ringneck Parakeets as Pets and Living with an Indian Ringneck | Species Spotlight
SOURCE:Love of Pets
Indian ringneck parakeet
Rose-ringed parakeet Order: Psittaciformes
Not subject to annexes
No sexual dimorphism
- Large red beak green indian ringneck and triple color necklace (black, pink, and blue) extending from the lower beak to the nape of the neck
- The female is without a collar but it is necessary to wait until the 2 years old so that the necklace of the young male begins to appear
Character: a very gregarious bird character that can be kept in a group. Cries carry far and can be a source of trouble neighborhoods. Capable to say a few words.The necessity to have permanent gnawing braches.
Weight: 95 – 140g
SOURCE:Joys of Nature
Rose-ringed parrot (Psittacula Krameri)
has become more and more popular as pets in recent years and for many reasons. On the one hand, these birds are known to be exceptional talkers, with some vocabularies amassed many words that they can speak with incredible clarity. Combined with their beauty and average size, these features make them attractive companion birds for a growing population of bird lovers. If you would like to know more about these precious parrots, check out the information below. This will give you an idea of some of the fascinating features that these birds possess and will help you learn a little more about what it means to live with a pet. They are indeed a beautiful species and deserve the respect they receive.
The Indian ringneck parrot can be very affectionate
Although necked parakeets have been considered for many years as a kind of “ornamental” bird, those who have come to know and love them have discovered that, in fact, these birds can become animals of their own. loving and loving company when handled by hand like babies and properly bred. Not only do