Type of cage and aviary for parrot ,Whether you choose to keep your parrot in a cage or an aviary, it is essential to adapt the size of your installation to your bird to ensure its comfort.
Parrots are climbing birds who often prefer to move with their beaks rather than flying. When flying, however, they can travel a long distance with very small variations in altitude. Thus, it is better to favor along rather than a high structure. The cage must be large enough for the bird to fully extend its wings without touching the walls on each side.
Regarding the bars or the grid of the structure, here are some elements to respect (RUPLEY, SIMONE-FREILICHER 2015):
Type of cage and aviary for parrot
- Check that they are not made of a metal that is toxic to the bird (be particularly wary of old cages that owners can recycle but whose bars often contain zinc or lead).
- Make sure the bars can withstand the bird (parrots are very destructive): a macaw would have no trouble cutting thin bars and escaping
- If possible, make horizontal bars or square mesh for the bird to climb (see Figures 27 and 28).
- Check that the spacing of the bars is small enough that the bird can not pinch his head in (or escape), especially for aviaries containing several species.
we note here that the zygodactyle arrangement of the fingers allows a good grip to the bird
A final criterion of choice for the cage (and probably one of the most important) is that it must be easy to disassemble and clean in order to facilitate the daily tasks of the owner and thus lighten his workload
The environment and feeding of the parakeet
In the wild, the birds’ environment is free, varied and natural. In captivity, birds remain gregarious and instinctive animals with specific needs, namely the presence of a spacious and enriched environment and congeners of their species. Thus, in addition to the resting cage, your birds need a large living space of their own, such as a play area from which they can benefit in freedom, several hours a day and, enrichment from the environment to the user interactions, research, and exploration.
Our parakeets and parrots have a very developed exploratory instinct and this concerns the exploration of their environment and food research. The enrichment of the environment will consist of bringing stimulations to your birds in order to allow them to give free rein to their natural behaviors, which contributes to their blooming. This starts with free activities where they can play, interact, express themselves and eat destructible materials, but also through food research.
Environmental exploration and games
The presence of various toys in their environment allows your birds to channel their energy, their need for destruction and avoids, subsequently, damage to your furniture. They must be accustomed to going to their park to play and eat the appropriate materials, such as wood (balsa, hazel, birch, pine, willow), edible plants, raffia, straw or cork. There are several types of toys that are interesting for your birds: destructible toys, food dispensers, wooden toys, rope toys, rings, perches, swings, mirrors, and bells.
You can find several toys for parakeets
Your birds spend almost half their time searching for food. In order to allow them to give free rein to their natural behaviors and to flourish, you must enrich their daily life with stimulation around food, while providing them with a complete diet: the adapted mixture of seeds, germinations, fruits and fresh vegetables and plants from the garden.
To do this, you can change their eating habits: change the feeding stations from place today, then modify the food containers, change the height at which food is offered, modify the form in which food is offered and be innovative in what you offer them.
The shoots of the garden: summer is synonymous with vegetable gardens and other plantations that bud and bloom. This is an opportunity to give your birds the benefit of fresh shoots from the garden or planters. You can grow edible cereals and wild plants for your birds and offer them seeds in milky, semi-ripe or even dry form. You can also offer them the whole shoot, which they will eat. Cereals and wild plants provide vitamins, minerals and trace elements essential for the proper development of the bird and its immune system. In addition, parakeets and parrots love fresh, natural plants, which they can peel with their beaks for food.
As cereals, you can offer them millet, canary, wheat, spelled, corn, barley, buckwheat or even soybean sprouts. You can buy these seeds at a grain store or in an organic food store. In wild plants, they can consume, for example, the white pimpernel, the shepherd’s purse, the plantains, the dandelion, and the common millet.
Flowering branches: they are very appreciated by our birds. This allows them to occupy their beak and their attention most of the day. In addition, the leaves and flowers are rich in nutrients beneficial for their organism. It will be necessary to regularly renew the branches which will be quickly destroyed by your birds. You can thus offer them fresh branches of apple, pear, hazel, bamboo, willow or even birch.
Fruits and vegetables: fresh, raw and organic, they must be offered daily. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements, fiber, and enzymes. Their consumption helps to prevent major pathologies such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer. Sometimes our birds don’t seem to want to eat their fruits and vegetables. In this case, sprinkle the food with seeds that your bird likes. He will come near to peck the seeds and taste the plants, by chance or by curiosity. You can also sprinkle food with mash, extrudates, or a treat your bird loves. Otherwise, try to vary the colors and shapes offered. In addition, it is possible to present fruits and vegetables in the form of games: on a skewer, in the shape of a foil, in a bowl or in a basket, mixed with toys and other foods that he likes.
Germinations: it is essential to regularly present your birds with germinations because they are rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements, fibers, and enzymes. Germinations are seeds of edible plants that are germinated without planting them, in order to develop their nutritional potential, in order to be able to eat them. You can buy them commercially or learn how to germinate your own seeds. Birds will appreciate sprouts of wheat, spelled, buckwheat, oats, millet, soy, and quinoa.