African Grey Parrot

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African Grey Parrot

There are 3 recognized species of African gray

Psittacus Erithacus:

Commonly known as Congo, African grey, Grey Parrot, Jaco, or Gabon gray. About 36 cm long, 450 to 600 grams. Ash gray plumage, bright red tail. Equatorial Africa.

Psittacus erithacus princeps:

Also known as Ghanaian Gray, West African Gray, or Boyd Alexander. Looks a lot like Congo parrot, but a little smaller. The Island of Principé and Fernando Po in the Gulf of Guinea.

timneh grey vs congo grey

Timneh Parrot

Psittacus erithacus Timneh:

African Gray Timneh. 23 cm long, 250 to 350 grams. Dark charcoal gray plumage, brown-red tail. The upper mandible of the bill pinkish beige. Much smaller than Congo or Ghana. Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, and western Côte d’Ivoire. Temperament is less sullen than Congo or Ghana. Less fearful and more rebellious. More inclined to do silly things to get attention and have fun.


  • Immature birds (less than one-year-old) have dark gray, almost black eye irises. After a year, the iris turns pale and turns pale gray, then takes on its final color. A mature bird with pale yellow iris or corn.
    African gray parrot
  • This bird produces a fine powder to maintain its plumage. A well-powdered bird is a sign of good health. The absence of this powder may indicate a physiological problem.
  • The African Gray is surely one of the most gregarious species in the parrot world. In the wild, it lives in flocks of 100-200 (and sometimes more) individuals and remains in groups even during the breeding season.
  • It lives in the tropical forest under the canopy between 15 and 25 meters above the ground. He is a very good climber. When it comes to feed and drink on the ground, it does so in groups.
  • In nature, its diet is rich in vegetable fat, protein, and vitamin A. It is fond of palm nuts (very rich in fat and vitamin A), coffee seeds, and palm fruits (Elaeis guinensis) . Its digestive system is perfectly suited to this kind of diet.
  • Due to the density of the rainforest, the gray must fly above trees, sometimes up to an altitude of 700 meters.
  • One of the highest captive-bred parrots and most popular with hobbyists, mainly due to his calm temperament, intelligence, remarkable ability to perfectly reproduce sounds, human voice, and most of all … talk to communicate.
  • This bird is also appreciated for its great sensitivity and its incredible empathy with its humans. He feels our deepest emotions, moods, moods, energies, and these are reflected in his behaviors.
  • The African Gray is more reflective, wary, and therefore more fearful than other parrot species. He seems to classify any human or object around him into two categories:

African Grey parrot Behavior

  • Without strong socialization, anything unfamiliar to the bird automatically refers to the first category. This suspicion is practically chronic in the African gray. He is frightened by novelty in all facets of his life (humans, food, toys, objects, etc.). But do not be discouraged, after a while, curiosity overcomes its apprehensions. It is important not to force it, it will take the necessary time. Gray can only accept novelty very slowly … drop by drop.
  • Contrary to what is conveyed, the African Gray is a very affectionate bird. It is in early childhood, when the African gray is still very naive, clingy, and unsuspecting, that it is necessary to manipulate it and make it live safe adventures. After this point, gray become much more selective about what he is willing to accept from humans. Lack of socialization in early childhood is the most common cause of behavioral disturbances in adult parrots.
  • African Gray is naturally suspicious.
  • The more intelligent an animal, the more likely it is to develop behavioral problems and the gray is excessively intelligent! In the list of pecking (mutilation or extraction of feathers), it is tied with the cockatoo, also recognized for its excesses.
  • Due in large part to his sensitive nature and high intelligence, the African Gray can react very negatively to the clumsiness of an educator as well as during the training process. You should never force a gray to do what he doesn’t want, he could even develop phobic behaviors.
  • Therefore, it is important to teach him early enough that biting is not a means of communication. Grays only respond well to positive reinforcement. Raising a gray should be more like raising a child than raising a pet.
  • The African Gray can in no way trust or respect anyone who reacts violently and aggressively, both in voice and in gesture.
  • Gray gives an impressive growl when scared.
  • It is a bird that only feels good if it feels safe and understands its surroundings well. We should always tell gray our intentions before handling or stroking it. This will make him more receptive. You should never surprise an African gray.
  • The Gray is a very gregarious parrot and he needs to feel accepted and to be a full member of his social group (human family). For his balance, both psychic and physiological, he needs a companion of his kind. It’s not a whim … it’s a need.
  • He forges a very strong bond with his love partner (bird or human) and is totally devoted to him. He can also become possessive with the latter and aggressive with those around him. He can favor his favorite human to the point of excluding all other members of the family. Here again, good socialization can help prevent this kind of situation.
    By its wary, shy, and anxious nature, it is not a very sociable bird towards strangers. He will be rather distant, will not be tolerant, unless there are exceptions, with children.
  • The gray, more than other parrots, need a calm, safe, and peaceful environment. Which doesn’t mean it’s a “cushy” bird … far from it. He can even be very dispirited and curious. He just doesn’t like the extravagance, exuberance, and turbulence (of others).
  • African Gray needs a lot of stimulation in its environment. It is a very curious bird who loves to learn and to explore … However, it quickly gets bored of an activity. His mind, always alert, will eagerly seek other stimuli. Up to you…
  • The African Gray is the parrot that, strangely for a bird with such a strong inclination for neurosis, has the most stable temperament in the psittacine world. As much as he can be quite rowdy when young, at maturity he is calm and thoughtful. Unlike other parrots, Gray does not have this inclination to change (so much) personality or behavior during the breeding season, which in my opinion is a very big point in its favor.
  • The African Gray is considered, and rightly so, as the all-around speaking champion of the avian world. It is capable of remarkably reproducing a multitude of sounds, including the human voice.
    However, gray begins to speak later than other parrots, around 12 to 18 months old. He needs to practice sounds and develop his muscles to properly control the formation of sounds.
  • Unfortunately, breeders or dealers tend to insist only on THIS talent for mimicry to sell this bird and that’s what
  • He forges a very strong bond with his love partner (bird or human) and is totally devoted to him. He can also become possessive with the latter and aggressive with those around him. He can favor his favorite human to the point of excluding all other members of the family. Here again, good socialization can help prevent this kind of situation.
  • By its wary, shy, and anxious nature, it is not a very social bird towards strangers. He will be rather distant, will not be tolerant, unless there are exceptions, with children.
  • The gray, more than other parrots, need a calm, safe, and peaceful environment. Which doesn’t mean it’s a “cushy” bird … far from it. He can even be very dispirited and curious. He just doesn’t like the extravagance, exuberance, and turbulence (of others).
  • African Gray needs a lot of stimulation in its environment. It is a very curious bird who loves to learn and to explore … However, it quickly gets bored of an activity. His mind, always alert, will eagerly seek other stimuli. Up to you…
  • The African Gray is the parrot that, strangely for a bird with such a strong inclination for neurosis, has the most stable temperament in the psittacine world. As much as he can be quite rowdy when young, at maturity he is calm and thoughtful. Unlike other parrots, Gray does not have this inclination to change (so much) personality or behavior during the breeding season, which in my opinion is a very big point in its favor.
  • The African Gray is considered, and rightly so, as the all-around speaking champion of the avian world. It is capable of remarkably reproducing a multitude of sounds, including the human voice.
    On the other hand, gray begins to speak later than other parrots, around 12 to 18 months of age. He needs to practice sounds and develop his muscles to properly control the formation of sounds.
    Unfortunately, breeders or dealers tend to only insist on THIS talent for mimicry to sell this bird and this is what makes it so desirable to the buyer. Few people insist on the needs of this intelligent bird, nor on its particular behaviors.

Einstein the African Grey Parrot showed off her vocabulary skills with 200 sounds and words


  • The African Gray has no call as such defined for its species (apart from growls). So it is not a screaming bird. On the other hand, he can drive the most zen of humans crazy by continuously imitating the ringing of the microwave, the smoke detector, or even, by performing his famous imitation of the backing track!
  • On the other hand, due to his almost schizoid suspicion, the problem with Talking Gray is that he consistently refuses to perform, (even when asked politely), in the presence of strangers (not immediate family)… He has the gift of taking refuge in silence to make you pass for the greatest of mythomaniacs!
  • As the gray is a wary and rather timid bird, it would be good to plan for it places in height where it will feel more easily safe; trees, ropes, and lianas as well as perches hanging from the ceiling. These will be his favorite places to be at ease in order to give his best vocal performances (speaking, singing).
  • Of course, for the bird to have access to these heights, it is essential that it can fly. We do not trim the flight feathers of an African gray! Like all stocky parrots (large body, small tail), it needs its feathers to maintain its balance. Moreover, since an afraid bird’s first instinct is to fly away, more than other parrots, the gray needs all of its flight feathers. Too many accidents happen to grays who have trimmed flight feathers (broken beak, broken or open wishbone, etc.).

  • The same goes for her nails. Never file them too short. Compared to other parrots of the same size, the African Gray has smaller feet and thinner toes. He needs his fingernails to keep himself balanced on a branch.
  • In order for him to feel safe, Gray needs to see everything that is going on around him. For this reason, it’s best to set up his cage against a wall so that he can see what’s going on in front of him without having to constantly watch his back.
  • Even if he is considered to be the intellectual of the parrot world, whom he loves to learn as well as to develop all that is educational games, the African gray also has a good-natured side and likes to occupy himself with simple things. like chewing on rags: fabrics, ropes, leather (vegetable tannins), as well as chewing very soft wooden toys.
  • From a dietary point of view, the African gray has a high need for vitamin A and calcium. Since he is prone to hypocalcemia (calcium deficiency) it is important to provide him with foods rich in this mineral. He also, therefore, needs a supply of vitamin D3 to help him absorb calcium. In summer, the sun will provide her with her daily requirement for vitamin D3 outdoors. In winter, the installation of neon-like Vita-Lite or Verilux Tru-bloom will play the same role.
  • African Gray can become the best companion in the world, as long as we respect its needs and nature. We do not change an African gray, we will say that it adapts to us, and again, only if we deserve it. It is up to us to be reliable, not to try to dominate him, and to learn to develop with him a relationship of friendship and respectful cooperation.


10 Fact about African Grey Parrot

The African Grey Parrot: who is he?

How to breed this parrot at home?

The African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) is a parrot with gray plumage, as it indicates, and very popular with individuals. Sociable, affectionate, intelligent, and curious, it is the most talkative species and is able to repeat the words you teach it while placing them in the right context! Perfect for family life, it can be easily educated. Discover all the secrets of this beautiful bird from Africa and learn how to breed it at home in this complete file.


The African Grey Parrot: who is it?

The African Grey Parrot (Psittacus Erithacus) is a cheerful and cheerful animal that loves the company. Coming from the Psittacidae family, it is native to West Africa and can generally live 40 to 50 years, even 80 years for some individuals!

The African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) measures 35 to 42cm for an average weight of 500g. A great speaker, he is also very intelligent and curious. Very sociable, he needs daily interaction to feel good. He quickly learns to repeat the words you say to him and the sounds around him, such as the barking of dogs, the ringing of the front door or the telephone, but also the whistling of certain songs. He is able to put the words he says in the right context, which is why we are talking about intelligence and not pure repetition.

African Grey


Very affectionate, this animal enjoys living in the middle of family life and hates loneliness. The latter can lead to depression. So if you go away, don’t hesitate to leave the TV on or the radio on. By hearing human voices, he will think that someone is present at home and will feel better.

Always remember to adopt a bird at least 4 months old and banded on the paw. This must contain all information relating to his identity (his date of birth, the breeder’s identifier, etc.). You must also keep all documents related to its origin and proof of your purchase in order to be in order with the law because the African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) is a protected species of which each individual sold must be identified.

Congo African Grey Parrot

How to breed an African Grey Parrot at home?

The arrival of your parrot African Grey at home

The arrival of your new bird at home is a very important moment for him and for you. There is often stress and the bird can be disturbed by these changes in places, people, noises, and smells.

The majority of African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) is adopted at the age of 4 to 6 months. Make sure to transport it in a suitable transport cage that you will open gently once you arrive. Carefully place the bird in its new cage if it is young. If you adopt an older animal, place the open shipping carton in the cage and let it out alone as soon as it wants.

Do not hesitate to speak to him often and calmly to reassure him. He needs to get to know you to trust you fully. At first, it is best to have one person taking care of yourself, feeding and petting so that you feel safe. You can introduce him to the other members of your household later when he is comfortable.

Bring him fresh water and meals every day, talk to him, and gently pat him. He likes contact, but don’t force him if he needs time to be touched.

The Most Talkative Birds


African grey parrot talking

For the first 10 days, don’t try to get it out or grab it in your hands or arms. He needs time to understand his new environment and to adapt to his new family.

After 10 days, if your bird is comfortable, you can open its cage and let it out. Make sure beforehand that all doors and windows are closed! Let him go out on his own, without forcing him, but you can encourage and reassure him by talking to him and playing.

Always stay nearby when it comes out, as your furniture, knick-knacks, and plants can be dangerous for this curious animal. Educate him so that he learns to behave well and put him back in his cage if he disobeys you by luring him with a treat or a toy. On the other hand, you don’t have to be violent or yell at her! Stay sweet!


Location And Maintenance of the Parrot Cage
A large, solid cage with toys

The cage must be ready before your parrot arrives. Place it in a pleasant and lively space, like a living room, because this bird is very sociable and likes to participate in family life. However, avoid a drafty location near a window to avoid direct light. Also, avoid the kitchen because of the smoke – his lungs are fragile – as well as the rooms, which are too quiet.

Its cage should be large, given its size, so that it can easily spread its wings and fly a little because it is quite dynamic and likes to move. Choose it solid and robust, with a complex opening system, because it quickly learns to open it to get out thanks to its powerful beak.

Install small wooden toys for him to have fun and a small mirror because he will like to look at it. Renew them from time to time to avoid routine. Arrange perches of different sizes and diameters to make him feel comfortable according to his preferences. Choose them in natural wood so that he can rub his beak there.

Its feeders must be solid, terracotta or stainless steel, and placed at the bottom of the cage or hung on the bars, provided they are not installed under the perches to avoid droppings! Avoid all plastic accessories, which are too fragile in relation to its strength.

Your bird will enjoy bathing once a week. You can place it in a sink or a bathtub and let it soak freely but under your supervision!

African grey parrot toys


The 5 Top-Rated Bird Toys


Best Overall Bonka Bird Toys Spoon Delight Toy 4.6
Runner Up Aigou Bird Spiral Rope Perch 4.7
Best Budget Buy Petsvv Rope Bungee Bird Toy 4.5
Best Bird Play Gym Mrli Pet Bird Play Stand 4.4
Best Bird Foraging Toy Planet Pleasures Octopus Pinata Bird Toy

Parrot Psittacus erithacus timneh and its paw toy

Parrot and its paw toy

Parrot Wizard – 9 Coolest Parrot Trick Training Toys!

SOURCE:Parrot Wizard

The Best Bird Toys For Parrots African grey Parrot

Toys Your Parrot Will Love


Toys for physical and sports activities Parrot


Interactive Parrot toys


Parrot Puzzles

Untie knots on a cotton cord or a leather strap.
Everything that is screwed and unscrewed.
Anything that enters or leaves an object.
Toys with push / pull buttons (activity center for young children).
All toys with removable parts.
Toys that require some dexterity and / or thought.
Observation games (shapes, colors, numbers, memory or twin shapes), etc

Interactive Parrot toys

Interactive Parrot toys


Baby Toys for Parrots

SOURCE:Parrot Wizard

African grey parrot cage

The 10 Best Parrot Cages for African Grey




The 5 Top-Rated Parrot Cages

Editor’s Picks Brand Rating
Best Overall Prevue Pet Products Wrought Iron Select Bird Cage 4.5
Runner Up Homey Pet – 65″ House Shape Bird Cockatoo Macaw Cage 4.4
Best Budget Buy Super Deal 68″ Large Bird Cage 4.0
Best Large Cage Mcage Large Double Flight Bird Wrought Iron Double Cage 4.0
Best Aviary Bestmart INC LARGE Aluminum Bird Cage Walk In Aviary 4.2


African gray bird cage

The 10 Best Parrot Cages for African Grey


Smartest most conversational parrot ever. Petra the home automation expert, African grey


African grey parrot training

Training Parrots to Fly Recall 

Parrot Flight Training, Each species of parrot has its own flight (slow flight, fast flight, short distances…),

african grey parrot training

Parrot Pet Flight

The feathers and wings allow the bird to support its body in the air. It is the forward movement of the wings that allows the bird to move forward. And it is mainly the action of diets (the large feathers on the tips of the wings) that propel the body of the bird forward. The wings, therefore, act as an “engine” if they are in the “forward” position. But they can also serve as a “brake” if they are in the “reverse” position as during landings to reduce speed and limit the impact on the legs and the rest of the body. In this case, it is especially the action of the secondary and tertiary regimes that is important (these are the large feathers of the primary flight feathers to the body).

African grey parrot food

Congo grey parrot

African Grey Parrot Food

Quality food

what do African grey parrots eat

Your African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) needs quality, well-balanced food. Prefer mixtures for Psittacidae, available from breeders and in specialized stores. Some commercially available seed mixtures may be sufficient temporarily, but they are often too high in fat. Your bird may sort out the seeds it prefers, grows, and/or create nutritional deficiencies over time.

You will find perfectly balanced extruded foods to feed your pet. Top them off with fresh fruit several times a week. Also, don’t hesitate to offer her a little treat every once in a while, like dried fruit or cereal bars.

Add a mineral stone to your diet. This will be a source of calcium and minerals essential to the well-being of your bird.

Wash his bowls every day and pour cool (not cold) water on him and renew it several times a day if necessary. Once a week, pour a vitamin complex into its water to offset any risk of deficiencies and preserve the beauty of its plumage.

African grey parrot breeders


Breeding by hand: a know-how

african grey parrot breeders

We find that more and more people want to “get started” in hand breeding or are persuaded, when making a purchase, by skilled vendors to finish hand-raising unweaned chicks. 
However, this practice is far from being a hobby but, on the contrary, requires equipment, experience, and unfailing availability as long as the bird is not weaned and autonomous. 


It, therefore, seemed interesting to us to briefly present the obligations and difficulties surrounding this technique.

1- Specific and expensive equipment!


The breeding by hand from the birth of the bird can only be done by equipping yourself with a quality breeder comprising heating and ventilation with hygrometry electronically regulated to within 1 / 10th of a degree Celsius. This type of material costs several hundred euros.


A breeder must also have an electronic scale accurate to +/- 2 grams (at least because a reading deviation of 2 grams represents 10% of the birth weight of a Gabonese Gray).

2 – Impeccable hygiene!


Hygiene is essential and the instruments used must be disinfected after each use. Likewise, the brooder must be cleaned, ensuring that the chick does not undergo any temperature “deviation”.

3 – Full-time availability!

At birth, the feeding is spread over an hourly period from 5 am to 11 pm.

At each “feed”, time should be allowed for the preparation of the mash, weighing, feeding, cleaning the “nest” and the chick after the “feeding”.

The baby bird should be weighed daily and a weight chart for each bird should be established.

The number of meals will decrease over the weeks and it is only from the 12th week that the bird can start feeding on its own. However, it will not yet be fully autonomous. 

4 – A special diet!

The food given to this baby is either a “personal” mixture or a mash sold by a renowned manufacturer.

In 2002, the quality of industrial breeding pâtés is such that it seems to us that they are dethroning personal mixtures for at least 3 reasons:

  1. a) Their final composition is known (% proteins,% lipids,% carbohydrates);
  2. b) Quality controls ensure reproducibility of manufacture; 
    c) When you have only one bird to feed, it’s creating an additional pain to make your own mixture!

It should be noted, however, that store-bought pâtés are expensive when they are of good quality.

5 – A necessary experience!

Hand breeding is learned on the job and with experience  (the best school is to learn with an experienced person).

Books are precious but do not impart skill and nothing replaces the eye and observation of practice. The weight charts found in books and on the Internet are good indicators of the results to be obtained for a given species. However, if we make a feeding error in a young bird (crop stasis for example) and in the absence of rapid and appropriate measures, death occurs in 24 to 48 hours. These curves are therefore only guides and each species, and even each bird, is different in its growth needs.

It is also worth mentioning in this article an increasingly common practice on the part of some to sell unweaned birds (i.e. less than 4 months old). At this age, the risks of feeding errors remain high, especially since to be sure to sell, some sellers recommend only 2 meals (because an amateur buyer with a job or a professional activity outside the home will not be able to feed his bird that morning and evening). Under these conditions, the baby bird will receive in 2 times the volume of what should have been distributed at least 4 times. 

This unacceptable practice does not take into account the specific needs of the bird but those of the hobbyist. For example, it would not occur to anyone to entrust an infant to a nurse who could only give him two bottles a day !!!


African grey parrot breeders

Breeding grey parrot: setting aside time for it

The Gabon gray parrot can only live instability because it is very routine. Its environment should therefore not change frequently, just like the layout of its cage. To satisfy his great curiosity on a daily basis, it is necessary to provide him with wooden perches of different heights, but also to give him several kinds of games and to arrange courses for him. This allows him to behave better. In any case, it is a pet to be taken care of every day.

Conditions for breeding African grey parrot

 Signs of Hormonal Behavior in Parrots African Grey

African grey parrot breeding


The Gabonese gray parrot needs a sufficiently spacious cage, that is, larger than its wingspan. The small size of the cage causes stress in captive birds and promotes overweight. The bars must be very strong to withstand their assaults, and not have been treated or painted with a toxic product.

The ideal placement of the cage is one that allows the parrot to be protected from drafts and to benefit as much as possible from natural light. When it runs out, care is taken to install an ultraviolet light device. This is very important to protect the bird against the risks of calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia), which is seriously detrimental to its health. It is also essential to avoid diseases of the plumage.

We set up our feeder and water tray in an area of ​​the cage without accessories and perches so that they are not soiled and do not mold.

Hygiene in the cage is important. It is recommended to clean it at least once a week, and this care also applies to all accessories and perches.

African gray parrot in captivity: beware of loneliness

We advise against people who are not present or whose professional obligations impose a variable pace on them to breed a Gabonese gray parrot. This rhythm of life is experienced by the bird as a lack of stability and risks disrupting it. Likewise, it is preferable to limit their access to all rooms in the home because their curiosity exposes them to the risk of accidents and poisoning. In the absence of his master, he must, therefore, be kept in his cage.

Grey parrot

Adopt a Baby Parrot

Reproduction of the African Grey Parrot

African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) is faithful. When he forms a couple in the wild, he arranges a tall trunk to live there with his companion or his companion and give life to their young.

A female lays 3 to 4 eggs per lay which hatch after 28 days of incubation. The young are born without feathers and their eyes closed; they will be fed by their parents for about 3 months, until adolescence. They then complete their apprenticeship and leave their parents to find a companion or a life companion.

Parrot experiment makes a new discovery: African grey parrots found to display altruistic behavior


African Grey Parrot and the language

If you want your parrot to speak, you will need to speak to it regularly and be sure to use the same words. This will allow the animal to become familiar with your vocabulary and to repeat your words without difficulty.

Always be patient, gentle and attentive. Do not force it or rush it. Your bird will speak to you when it feels confident and when it decides it is the right time. If you stress it, it will close in on itself and your relationships will suffer.

Training Your Parrot to Talk


Some figures about African Grey species

African grey parrot size

Latin name: Psittacus erithacus
Adult weight: 370-550 g.
Sexual maturity: 4 to 6 years.
Breeding season: early spring
Incubation time: 26-28 days
Number of eggs per clutch: 3-4 eggs
Out of the nest: 50-65 days
Age at weaning: 100-120 days (75-90 raised by hand).

African grey parrot age
Life expectancy: 50 to 60 years.

The identification of parrots is generally carried out by the breeder, by putting on a closed ring on the paw of young birds aged 8-10 days. It contains the year of birth, the breeder’s registration number, the acronym of the organization supplying the ring, a serial number, and the diameter. It is very common that these devices are the cause of serious leg injury and that we have to cut the ring. There is now electronic identification, achieved through the implantation of an electronic chip (the size of a grain of rice) in the breast muscles under anesthesia for a few minutes. It contains your pet’s personal identifier code. This harmless act allows rapid and stable identification over time. Do not hesitate to ask your treating veterinarian for advice.

Eating well is important

Malnutrition is the cause of 90% of health problems and deaths in pet birds.
Often, this problem goes unnoticed because it is very difficult to recognize its early signs, and when you realize it, it becomes urgent to consult your attending veterinarian.

There are many types of food for parrots:

First of all, seed mixtures: even if they contain vitamins, they do not correspond to basic nutritional needs. For example, cereals such as millet, sunflower, oats, or corn are deficient for at least 32 essential nutrients, with the risk that they are contaminated with pesticides, preservatives, or fungi. In addition, the seeds favor the sorting of the animal, which does not eat everything, especially the pods. The problem is that very often the birds are crazy about it and that it is very difficult to make them change their diet! Ask your treating veterinarian for advice to help you change your bird’s bad eating habits!

Today, there are ranges of quality, balanced, specialized food without coloring, artificial flavors, or other chemicals. This will save you time and money: no vitamins to buy, no food to store, wash and prepare, and above all much less dirt in the cage!

Your attending veterinarian is at your service to study the diet (presentation, quantity, and frequency of meals) most suitable for your companion.

Foods to avoid:

avocado, parsley, onion, potato, apple seeds, peas, meat, coffee, chocolate, alcohol, sugar, fat, salt

This table represents the weight gain from hatching until weaning of hand-raised African Grey parrot (Congo grey parrot). These are only indicative values, which can vary depending on the individual, sex, activity, diet, breeding conditions … Individuals positioning themselves rather in the weights lower should be monitored as potentially more susceptible to disease, and individuals above these standards may be overweight at weaning (correlate with the conformation and physical condition of the bird).

Beyond the control of the good growth of the young, the regular collection of the weight of an adult parrot helps your veterinarian treating to prevent certain diseases, the curve of weight will help to take the corrective measures which are essential. Do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian to treat the simple ways to set up this study of the weight of your companion.

African Grey Health

Protect me from parasites

Your parrot can harbor intestinal worms without you realizing it, especially if it is an imported individual, if it has access from time to time outside or if it has contacts with other birds. Indeed, the infestation is often inapparent but these parasites weaken your companion, which can cause him to lose significant weight and make him more vulnerable to diseases.

Deworming is the act of destroying these internal parasites. In the young, it must be carried out at the time of weaning and be repeated 10-15 days afterward, similarly for an imported bird during its quarantine period. In the adult parrot, it is essential to maintain regular protection throughout its life. Your attending veterinarian will assist you in choosing the products and protocols to use.

Dust mites are a very common skin parasite in birds. They can cause itching or even more serious illnesses. Appropriate protection must, therefore, be put in place from an early age and must be specific to your animal and its environment (other animals present, type of habitat, etc.), the protocol is also carried out in 2 applications at 10-15 days interval (possibility of combining with dewormer).

Your attending veterinarian is the specialist who will guide you in the choice of specialties suited to your companion and your requests (method of administration, ease of use, demonstration, etc.).

Grey parrot

African Grey parrot Health

Guarantee me good hygiene

Parrots require a small, lukewarm daily shower with a sprayer, which helps maintain plumage and limit the formation of scales and feather dust in the air. There are now special spray solutions, based on distilled water added with moisturizing and softening agents. A full bath is also very important for the physical and mental well being of the parrot. Depending on the individual, it can be taken in different ways: in a large bin, in the owner’s shower, in the rain …

Try to let it dry naturally outside if the weather allows it, to encourage behavior normal grooming. The length of the beak and claws should be evaluated regularly and there should normally be no need to file them.

In this case, the problem would come from food or environmental conditions: deficiencies, old animal, liver disorder … Often, the owner thinks that the claws are too long because they are sharp and hurt when he takes his bird on the arm, while they are completely normal and allow the animal to stand on its perch.

Regarding the cutting of the wings, it can be useful in some cases, not to prevent the bird from flying, but to prevent it from being injured (open door, window, mirror, fan, pans …) or escapes. It also helps the first stages of education, thus limiting the territory of the bird, he learns that relationships with humans can be pleasant and that there is no reason to be afraid. This positive reinforcement technique helps build a relationship of trust and friendship with your bird

Grey parrot

Tail African Grey Parrots

Sweet Home

African Grey Parrot (Congo grey parrot) can be housed either in an outdoor aviary, depending on its origins and habits, or indoors. In this case, the cage must be quite spacious: the wings must be able to extend in all directions without touching the bars, and the tail must not be in contact with the ground or anything when the bird is perched.

Perches (2 in general) should not be too bulky. Prefer natural wood and large enough size, if possible irregular, to promote the wear of the claws, the beak, and good health of the joints. Never use perches covered with sandpaper, irritating to the plantar surface. A parrot tends to always keep the same place on a perch, it is a question of turning it from time to time or changing it.

The heavier and less active the bird, the more likely it is to develop paw pain. Remove the swing if there is one. Perches should not overlap too much, let alone be above food and water to avoid getting them dirty.

Position the cage along a wall, preferably in a corner, sheltered from drafts and the sun, in a very quiet place allowing the bird to sleep at 10 am in the dark and without interruption. Covering the cage is not enough if there is light and the television on. Do not put it in the kitchen, because of dangerous vapors, possible accidents with instruments, boiling oil …

African grey parrot price

African grey parrot costs at least 700 $ and around 1000 $ if not 1200 $. For the cost difference, it depends on a few sources: 1300 for a pet

African grey parrot lifespan

First and foremost, diet. Improper diet is the number one cause of premature death in not only African Greys, but all members of the parrot family. The African Greys parrot has special dietary needs in the form of calcium supplemental the lack of which may cause seizures. I’ve witnessed this first hand.

Also, for all parrots, a diet that is low in fat is essential. Seeds and nuts (aka the death diet)should comprise less than 10% of a Grey’s diet. Ideally, one of the many commercialized pellet diets from reputable sources such as Harrison’s, ZuPreen, Lefevre, or Kaytee can be used as a stand-alone diet for your Grey, and other than supplemental calcium will satisfy all of your Grey’s nutritional needs.

Annual checkups by a qualified avian vet are absolutely essential. Parrots notoriously hide their illnesses well, and by the time they become symptomatic they are already circling the drain. Also, an annual blood workup will determine whether your Grey is getting all of its essential nutritional needs including calcium.

Greys are one of the most intelligent members of the parrot family with the intelligence of a 3–4-year-old human and must be kept mentally stimulated. Ideally, this should be done with plenty of facetime but when this isn’t practical, your bird must have ready access to toys. And, because of their intelligence and just like any other four years old, they will quickly tire of them so they should be rotated out periodically.

Greys require natural sunlight. Supplemental lighting in the form of overhead lighting with a full spectrum bulb will help keep your bird healthy. Full-spectrum bulbs can be obtained from such reputable sources as Great Companions, Drs. Fosters and Smith, or Amazon. They’re not cheap, at around $40 a pop but as I previously mentioned, they are essential.

Finally, Greys should be kept in a well-ventilated, draft-free environment away from cooking areas. Nonstick cookware is positively lethal to a Grey’s delicate respiratory system. Exposure to an overheated pan will claim your bird in three day’s time leading caregivers to lament, “But he seemed perfectly healthy yesterday ”.

And as a final thought, Greys should be kept at a stable temperature. I keep my little aviary at between 75–76 degrees.

African grey parrot care

How do you go about caring for this bird?

This parrot feeds on nuts, plants, and fruits. For better food nutrition, it is not good to feed it seeds as its main food. It can be done, but in small amounts and they will not be the staple food.

There are foods on the market that are available that provide a balanced ration. These foods should represent 75% of the bird’s ration. Plants should represent 20 or 25% of the parrot’s ration.

It is not good that the treats and delicacies exceed the rate of 5% in his ration. It is good to always change the water from time to time, but the water should be fresh and remarkably clean. Allow him to have a drinker outside his cage so that he does not drop his droppings into the water.

You have to choose the parrot’s cage carefully to make it comfortable. It should be large, clean, with wooden perches. It must be secure.

You should opt for natural light and ultraviolet lamps so as not to damage the feathers of the bird. He is well used to being alone because he adapts.
It is good to give him preventive care and veterinary consultations to keep the bird in good health.

African grey parrot for adoption

On YouTube, there are many videos of adorable parrots talking, making funny sounds, or performing funny stunts. Conquered by these images, many adopt a parrot without having taken the time to research information on their lifestyle, behavior, etc. At African-parrot, we know that the parrot is not a bird like the others. Here are 5 things to consider if you have the idea of ​​adopting a parrot.

5 things to consider when considering adopting a parrot

  1. They live very long:

    Depending on the species, parrots generally live for several decades (up to 80!), Which is not the case with a budgie. Are you ready for such a long-term commitment?

  2. They need companionship:

    leaving a parrot alone and neglecting to interact with it can have dire consequences. Birds that lack companionship can tear off their feathers, develop aggressive behavior, or even stop feeding! If you are rarely home, you should choose a more independent companion.

  3. They require special care:

    parrots are animals with fragile health, which is why their owners should treat them with care. Spacious cage, fresh fruits, seeds, toys, clean air, veterinary care, claw pruning, baths, etc. are essential for a healthy parrot. In other words, you cannot adopt an African macaw or an African gray believing that you will just fill your bowls with water and seeds every day.

  4. They can bite:

    Parrots have strong beaks designed to crack nutshells. So, you have to be extremely careful to avoid confusing a finger with a piece of fruit! It is also not advisable to adopt a parrot when you have young children, as they can do awkward actions that will disturb the bird, which will bite them in defense.

  5. They are often abandoned:

    Animal shelters regularly receive young and perfectly healthy parrots. The reasons are given to justify abandonment are linked to the behavior of the bird (eg: cries, disturbing vocalizations, bites, etc.) or the care that is too complicated to provide it.

African grey parrot images

African grey parrot baby

Pictures of african grey parrots

African grey parrot alex


African grey parrot breeders

Congo African Grey Parrot-The Illicit traffic in African grey parrot is reborn despite the ban

Congo African Grey Parrot illegal traffic

African grey parrot rescue

The Congo grey parrot and Timneh parrot again cry for help. The illegal exploitation, which has long characterized this bird, seems to resurface again, Congo African Grey Parrot illicit traffic.

How many African grey parrots are left in the world

This is also one of the statements of the Director-General of the Congolese Institute for the Conservation of Nature (ICCN), Doctor COSMA WILUNGULA, “it is the abuses of our exploiting friends who use traffic and fraud. The annual quota of 5,000 Congo African Grey Parrot illicit traffic before the passage to the appendix one of the CITES signifying the formal prohibition of exploitation was not respected because of the abuses of the operators “, he confides.

African grey parrot body language


African Grey Parrot Names


Female Parrot Names

This list includes feminine-sounding names for female parrots.

  • Alice
  • Amelia
  • Amethyst
  • Ava
  • Beauty
  • Bella
  • Blossom
  • Carmen
  • Carmilla
  • Chloe
  • Crystal
  • Dahlia
  • Daisy
  • Delilah
  • Diana
  • Duchess
  • Ella
  • Eloise
  • Faith
  • Felicity
  • Fifi
  • Flora
  • Ginger
  • Grace
  • Honey
  • Hope
  • Isabelle
  • Ivy
  • Jane
  • Jasmine
  • Jewel
  • Joy
  • Kiko
  • Lady
  • Lily
  • Lizzie
  • Lola
  • Luna
  • Maisie
  • Maple
  • Mia
  • Natasha
  • Paige
  • Poppy
  • Princess
  • Sasha
  • Sierra
  • Venus
  • Violet
  • Wanda

Male Parrot Names

Below are some of our favorite name ideas for male parrots.

  • Aiden
  • Albert
  • Angel
  • Archie
  • Arnold
  • Bernie
  • Captain
  • Diego
  • Felix
  • Finn
  • Frank
  • George
  • Gus
  • Harry
  • Iago
  • Jerry
  • Jesse
  • Larry
  • Logan
  • Luke
  • Mason
  • Oliver
  • Oswald
  • Ozzie
  • Paul
  • Patrick
  • Pilot
  • Quincy
  • Reginald
  • Rusty
  • Scooter
  • Scuttle
  • Sebastian
  • Sherman
  • Topaz
  • Winston

Cute Parrot Names

Jelly Bean

African grey parrot videos

African grey parrot sounds

African grey parrot bite

Aost of african grey parrot

African grey parrot body language

African grey parrot youtube

Are African GREY parrots good pets?

If you think of African Greys as pets, you don’t need to have one.
I’m not being a jerk here. I’m quite serious when I say that an African Grey is absolutely not pet material. These companion animals are nothing like a dog, cat, ferret, etc.
They live into their 80s. They scream at 120 decibels in the morning to check on the whole flock. They scream at 120 decibels in the evening to check on the whole flock. They learn abstract concepts and understand object permeance.
And if they get bored and anxious, they will pull out their feathers and self mutilate. These creatures cannot stay in cages all day. They need lots of things to entertain them, stimulate them mentally, and occupy their time. They need companionship from their humans, not just a caretaker.
Human babies don’t come with manuals, and neither do these incredibly intelligent birds. In both cases, you will really wish you had one. They have their own personalities, they can take your finger off, and they are fragile. Birds have hollow bones, so if you lose your temper when they bite you and smack them, they’re gonna die. You have to be tough and just take it like a man (or woman, in my case) and keep it together while you get your flesh out of his/her beak.
Additionally, you have to make fundamental life changes to be a parrot parent.
Overnight stays and vacations are out of the question unless the bird comes with you, or has a babysitter you know well. They cannot just be locked in their cage for days with food and water. You’ll come home to a bald, self-mutilated bird. The bird is still going to get mad at you and not speak to you for a bit if you get a babysitter.
Teflon anything in your house? THROW IT OUT. When heated, Teflon emits fumes that chemically burn the lungs of birds. They’re not so awesome for us either. One day you’ll be cooking eggs and let it overheat, or forget about the pans in the oven, or turn on the portable heater, or use a bread machine, or a hairdryer, and there your parrot will be, dead on its back. The same goes for silicone liners, btw.
I’m making it sound terrifying because it is terrifying. It’s throwing out all your pots and pans for ceramic-lined ones, throwing out all your scented candles, essential oils, calling the manufacturers of heaters and hair dryers to verify whether or not there is anything that emits PTFE or PFOA in the unit. Every single time you buy something, you have to verify that it’s not deadly to your feathered friend. You can’t get lazy and just take a chance. You can’t assume. You can’t mess up.
Do you want a lifelong companion, know you can make the life changes, and have a plan for how he/she will be taken care of when they outlive you? If yes, then they are wonderful best friends that will cherish you and enrich your life in ways you won’t believe. You will question everything you think you know about what it means to be sentient, what it means to be a ‘person,’ and will laugh more than you could possibly imagine at their perfectly-timed jokes and commentary. You have to earn their trust and affection. Kind of like a cat, but more so.
If you decide to get that companion, have some details lined up before picking him or her up.
Resources you’ll need:
Find an avian vet Association of Avian Veterinarians

**Not just a vet who says they also see birds… A certified avian veterinarian.**
Use that list to find a local 24/7 hospital that has an avian vet and program the address into your GPS on your phone. I’ve had to rush my parrots to the local animal hospital before. Your bird will break a blood feather, crash against something, hurt their toes… something will happen at some point, and it won’t be during normal vet hours. A single drop of blood for them is a huge percentage of their blood supply, so you’ll need to move fast and not lose time panicking and trying to find addresses.
First Aid Common Bird Injuries & First Aid

That link has a great list of things you should have on hand. A hemostat for removing broken blood feathers is very important to have around. Cornstarch can stop the bleeding, but Kwik Stop Styptic Powder will stop it, kill any bacteria, and cauterize it to start the scabbing. I dumped it on my finger once for a cut that would not stop bleeding, and while it worked, it was brutal. I may or may not have done a lot of screaming. Birds don’t have the luxury of waiting for you to try the less painful method if they are bleeding, so be prepared for that beak to clamp down on you.
Fun stuff My Safe Bird Store

It doesn’t matter where you shop, just make sure the diet is balanced and the toys are size appropriate.
Bad food list Foods Toxic To Pet Birds

And of course, don’t feed your bird anything that’ll make him sick. Some people will argue to the moon and back that garlic is good for parrots. Ignore them and listen to your vet. You will quickly learn that bird people are very opinionated and set in their ways.
Good food list 

My parrots are pretty depressed about pizza not being on that list.
That’s about it. Oh, and start thinking about what tv shows and music you want to expose your parrot to. He or she will pick up on the language very quickly if it’s a show or song they are interested in. My conures are fond of Adventure Time and Skrillex, while the parrots are more into Parks and Recreation and Black Sabbath. They barely tolerate Golden Girls, unless Sophia is on the episode a lot. She cracks them up.
Oh yeah, one more thing… Consider the other animals in your home already.
Do you have a dog with DNA geared specifically for hunting? Is it a ‘bird dog?’ Does the dog have any kind of prey drive?
Here’s a list of low prey drive dogs

Have a cat? This can be a problem. Bacteria live under their nails, and you see it attack your immune system whenever a cat scratches you and the scratch gets inflamed. That’s why there’s a song called Cat Scratch Fever. A cat’s scratch can make someone very sick if their immune system is compromised.
If you’re a bird and you get scratched by a cat, you’re going to die within 24 hours.
People who have a cat and bird in the same house don’t like to hear that, especially when they post cute videos of them hanging out on YouTube. It doesn’t make it any less true.
I haven’t had a ferret since I was a teenager, but it seems like a very bad idea to mix the two. Use your judgment and Google for any other animal combinations. I can tell you with absolute certainty that all of my parrots hate anything remotely resembling a snake and will scream at 120 decibels and fly in circles while crashing into everything. I don’t use smooth, rounded-edges extension cords anymore…
Ok, that’s really it! I think…

How much is an African Gray parrot?
African grey parrot price

African grey parrot costs at least 700 $ and around 1000 $ if not 1200 $. For the cost difference, it depends on a few sources: 1300 for a pet store is the current cost, it is good that there is a margin, and at this cost, it is a young EAM. It sometimes seems realistic to get babies around 450 $ – 500 $ but beware an amateur could die if it is not because they cannot take care of them very well at a critical age.

Do African GREY parrots talk?

Yes,African grey parrots are known for their skill at reproducing human speech,The African grey parrot is one of the most talented talking/ mimicking birds on the planet

Do all African grey parrots have great talking abilities?

No, just like not all humans are great at or willing to build houses. It is a common skill and one most humans are capable of learning, but not all of us do it for a variety of reasons. It is similar for parrots or any pet that has some stereotypical ability, there is usually a much higher chance of the parrot doing it, but each is an individual and some just don’t for any multitude of reasons. So don’t buy a bird if you want a talker, you buy one for the entire bird experience, and talking is a nice cherry on top that happens to a good number but not all.

Why does my African grey parrots stop speaking?

The problem is not always why the parrots stop talking. Some people long for their parrots to stop vocalizing, simply because they keep talking after they learn a few sentences

What African GREY parrots can eat?

Recommendations regarding Parrot African Grey feed intake
Seed mixes
Fruits and vegetables
Granules (extruded or compressed)
Establish a ration

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