Violet-necked Lory

Violet-necked Lory

Violet-necked Lory 27 cm. Red; bill orange; collar violet-blue, broad in some birds, absent in others; belly to undertail-coverts dark purplish-blue;

scapulars purple-tipped black; greater wing-coverts and flight-feathers edged black; tail purple-red above, brownish-red below; legs grey.

Immature has underparts red with purplish edging. Race riciniata has a violet collar usually extending from the breast up onto hind crown, red scapulars; obiensis has black scapulars.

Editor’s Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Violet-necked Lory

Proposed race atrocaerulea is doubtfully valid, as based on juveniles; guenbyensis and insularis are synonyms of riciniata. Three subspecies were recognized.



Eos squamata riciniata Scientific name definitions


N Moluccas from Morotai S to Damar, including Widi Is.

Eos squamata obiensis Scientific name definitions


Bisa and Obi, in N Moluccas.

Eos squamata squamata Scientific name definitions


Gebe (E of Halmahera) and W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Kofiau, Misool).


Editor’s Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the ‘Subspecies’ article above. In the future we will develop a range-wide distribution article.

Violet-necked Lory parrot


Lowland forest and forest edge, mangroves, disturbed forest and scrubby secondary growth adjacent to cultivation, coconut plantations; also montane primary forest up to 1220 m.




Daily movements between main islands and small offshore islets noted; also noted to form large flocks, a habit which can make it common in one area and rare in another, suggesting some form of larger-scale nomadism.

Diet and Foraging

Flowering sago palm Metroxylon, unripe figs (Ficus), the nectar of Erythrina flowers.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

The repertoire was quite extensive. In-flight, utters a disyllabic “ksi-leet!” or similar. When perched, calls include short metallic notes, high-pitched hissing notes, short flat-pitched whistles, nasal screeches, and shriller notes. Also utters series of a repeated single short note, either well-spaced or in a fast sequence.


No information from wild. In captivity: two eggs; incubation c. 27 days; nestling period c. 80 days.

Conservation Status

Violet-necked Lory

Not globally threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. A range of 70,700–435,080 birds was estimated for the population of the N Moluccas,

but survey work in the 1990s gave figures of 115,400–283,700 for the proposed Lalobata reserve (Halmahera) alone; around 2980 birds are estimated to have been trapped in 1991, suggesting that trade pressure is not excessively high, but it has been recommended that a biologically safe rate of annual offtake should be established.

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