Parrot blue macaw


Parrot blue macaw

Parrot blue macaw also called the blue and yellow macaw or blue and gold macaw, the blue and yellow parrot, is a species of a parrot belonging to the order Psittaciformes and the family Psittacidae.

This Macaw lives in South America (Amazon) where the species is endemic (Guyana, Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador).

Because of its beautiful plumage and its ability to “speak” like other talking parrots for example Amazon Parrot, African Grey Parrot, and Eclectus Parrot, and imitate humans, it is now often used as an aviary bird and as a pet bird.

Like other species of parrots or parakeets, the blue and yellow macaw, with its bright and shimmering colors, is very popular with lovers of a pet or ornamental birds. Unfortunately, with a high purchase price, the bird is the victim of illegal trafficking that endangers the species in its natural habitat.

The blue and yellow parrot is a sociable and playful bird; He is able to learn to speak, imitate, or repeat words or sounds.

blue parrot

Blue Parrot

The blue parrot has brightly colored plumage: bright green top of the head, white cheeks, and face, and pale yellow iris. Its powerful and hooked beak is blackish, and a black collar at the neck widens under the cheeks and chin. The turquoise blue of the upper parts extends to above the tail which can pull on the dark purple. The underside of the wings is golden yellow as well as the sides of the neck, mumps, and the underside of the feathers. The legs are dark gray.

Blue Macaw identity sheet

The Blue Macaw is a species of parrot belonging to the order Psittaciformes and the family Psittacidae. It is considered monotypic (no subspecies). The Ararauna macaw is endemic to the Amazon basin in South America. It measures on average 86 cm with a wingspan of 104 to 114 cm and a weight of up to 1.3kg.

Scientific classification of the blue and yellow parrot

  • Kingdom: Animal
  • Phylum: Vertebrate chordate
  • Class: Bird
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Macaw
  • Species:ararauna
  • Latin name:Ara ararauna

Physical characteristics of the blue macaw

All you need to know about the Physical characteristics of the blue macaw

Waist

85 to 90 cm

Scale

105 to 115 cm wings spread

Weight

1 to 1.3 kg

Body characteristics

Thick hooked bill, broad wings, long tail, long claws

Flight characteristics

Direct flight with slow wing beats

Plumage color

Brightly colored colorful plumage: green head top, white cheeks, black gray beak, black necklace at the neck, bright turquoise blue body top, golden-yellow underside, purple-blue tail

Voice

As with parrots, the bird is very noisy and uses a wide range of calls and songs to communicate with its congeners.

Loud and guttural scream; sort ofrraaah-rraaah-rraaah.

Blue macaws are also able to speak and imitate human language.

Parrot habitat south america

Habitat and diet of the blue macaw

All you need to know about blue macaw parrot food and nutrition

Geographical distribution

South America (Amazon): Guyana, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador

Wet habitat for the Ararauna macaw:

The Blue Macaw lives in South America: Guyana, Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, and Ecuador. It mainly frequents humid woodlands, regularly flooded forests (varzeas), marshes, swamps with palm trees, and wooded areas located along a river or river. The parrot is also found in lightly forested savannahs and in tropical plains and savannas. The bird is occasionally found on the edges of dry forests. It remains most often in low regions (below 500 meters above sea level) but in Peru, it is sometimes observed up to 1500 meters above sea level.

Place of life

The blue macaw lives in humid woodlands, flooded forests, marshes, swamps, and forests along a river or river.

It appreciates the proximity of water in its environment.

Diet

Herbivorous

Type of food

Macaw Parrot food: The blue and yellow macaw eats mainly seeds, fruits, nuts, flowers, and vegetables.

Its hooked beak serves as its “3rd leg” and it uses it to hang from branches and catch food.

Like other species of macaws, the blue and yellow parrot feeds on clay that it finds on the banks of rivers. Rich in mineral salts, clay helps the bird digest the toxic residues present in some fruits.

Blue And Gold Macaw

The social structure of the blue macaw

All you need to know about the structure of the blue macaw parrot

Social life

The blue macaw is a sedentary bird endemic to the Amazon. However, the bird may migrate locally (in groups) depending on the food available in its territory.

Gregarious and sociable birds, blue macaws most often live in pairs or groups composed of several individuals. Pairs are very fusional and when they fly together, they are so close that the wings of the male and female sometimes touch.

A diurnal bird, the blue and yellow macaw is an arboreal bird. It spends its days in the trees to feed. Sometimes he goes down to the ground to eat the fruits or nuts there.

Like parrots, blue macaws are very noisy parrots and use many calls and songs to communicate with congeners.

A monogamous bird, the couple is faithful throughout life.

Social life

Some raptors such as the falcon, the eagle, the ferocious harpy, or the crested harpy are its main predators.

Blue Macaw breeding

All you need to know about the reproduction of the blue macaw and parrot breeding.

Sexual maturity

8 to 10 years

Nesting period

December to May: It depends on the region where the bird lives and the climatic conditions

Place of laying the nest birth

Arboreal nesting. Nest high in a tree hole (palm tree)

A number of annual broods

1 brood per year

The number of eggs per clutch

1 to 4 eggs per clutch

Duration of incubation/brooding

24 to 28 days; Only the female incubates the eggs

Weaning:

Small parrots are nidicolous and are fed by 2 parents. Juveniles fledge after 10 to 12 weeks. They will still be fed by their parents for several months before becoming independent.

Longevity of the blue and yellow macaw

Blue-yellow macaw parrot lifespan

Life expectancy

The Macaw lifespan of the blue and yellow macaw is 30 to 40 years in the wild and up to 60 years in captivity.

blue macaw parrots

Conservation Protection Threats to the blue and yellow parrot

Blue yellow macaw Parrot conservation Protection Threats

Blue macaws a vulnerable brood

The breeding season varies by region but is always between November and June. The arboreal nesting of the Blue Macaw most often takes place in height, in the cavity of a palm tree. Laying usually consists of 1 to 3 eggs that the female incubates for 24 to 28 days. Both adults aggressively protect the chicks that are born naked, blind, and unable to feed themselves. Most often, only the strongest of the brood survive while the others perish from predation, malnutrition, or disease. Juveniles put on their full plumage and fly away after 10 to 12 weeks but remain with their parents for several months before becoming independent.

IUCN Conservation Status

  • Least Concern (LC)

The Blue Macaw, a coveted bird: Some diurnal raptors such as the falcon, eagle, ferocious harpy, or crested harpy are the main predators of the Blue Macaw, which they attack in flight. Other threats to the parrot include habitat loss and degradation(urbanization, deforestation…) as well as hunting for resale as a pet. The beauty of its plumage and its ability to imitate human language makes it a highly sought-after ornamental bird. Its high price feeds illegal trafficking that endangers the species. While blue macaw populations are not considered endangered, they are declining in some areas. In Brazil, the animal is a common species it was reintroduced to Trinidad where it had disappeared. The Ararauna macaw has benefited from protection measures since 1986. Its lifespan is 30 to 40 years in the wild and up to 60 years in captivity.

Safeguards

The blue macaw is not a globally threatened species in the wild. However, in some areas, the parrot has completely disappeared due to the destruction of its natural habitat and its hunting to sell it as a caged bird.

The species has benefited from protection measures since 1986.

Population size