Types of parrots

Discover All Types of parrots species, There are very many breeds of parrots. Each species or breed has its own specificities and characteristics. It is important to take the time to choose before deciding to adopt a parrot as a pet. Whatever the species, raising a parrot requires certain qualities, such as patience and care.

Below you will find a list of many parrot genera and their subspecies that are suitable for keeping in species-appropriate cages and aviaries. The bird portraits include information about the appearance and physical characteristics of the species, the character, and husbandry-specific characteristics. You will also receive information about the history of the species and its breeding. This is how you find out which parrot species suits you and your life situation best. With about 340 species worldwide, this decision needs to be well considered.

Interesting facts about parrots

Parrots belong to the order Psittaciformes and are divided into two or three families depending on the research approach. Two families from the Cockatoo, as well as the actual parrots. In part, however, the family Strigopidae is also added, which includes genera from New Zealand.

Cockatoos have an adjustable feather cap. On the other hand, they lack the so-called dyck structure of the feather branches, on which the incident sunlight refracts. Actual parrots lack the feather cap, although some species have neck feathers that can be set up to a frizz. With them, on the other hand, the Dyck structure of the feather branches is present. Nevertheless, there are also some similarities. Both families share an upright posture, a strong beak, and the climbing foot, in which two toes are placed forward and two toes backward. The diet consists mainly of fruits, berries, seeds, flowers, and buds, as well as roots. Some species also occur in large swarms.

The 6 most popular parrot species (and which speak of them):

Types of parrots

  • Lovebird
  • Amazon Parrot (extremely gifted in language)
  • Eclectus Parrot(like to speak and loudly)
  • African Grey Parrot (very linguistically gifted)
  • Cockatiel
  • Budgies

Types of parrots

Parrot types

Parrot species

There are over 9000 species of birds worldwide, of which about 340 belong to parrots. Of the well-known parrot species, about 120 are kept as pets. The remaining two-thirds can only be found in animal parks or in the wild. Below you will find breed portraits of 24 parrots.

Types of parrots:

Scientific name
Parrot  name

Amazona barbadensis

Yellow-shouldered Amazon

Alipiopsitta xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrot

Amazona albifrons

White-fronted Amazon

Amazona aestiva

Turquoise-fronted Amazon

Amazona ochrocephala

Yellow-crowned Amazon

Amazona brasiliensis

Red-tailed Amazon

Amazona viridigenalis

Red-crowned Amazon

Amazona autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon

Amazona auropalliata

Yellow-naped Amazon

Amazona rhodocorytha

Red-browed Amazon

Amazona oratrix

Yellow-headed Amazon

Amazona amazonica

Orange-winged Amazon

Amazona ventralis

Hispaniolan Amazon

Amazona arausiaca

Red-necked Amazon

Amazona leucocephala

Cuban Amazon

Amazona dufresniana

Blue-cheeked Amazon

Amazona kawalli

Kawall’s Amazon

Amazona vittata

Puerto Rican Amazon

Amazona pretrei

Red-spectacled Amazon

Amazona guildingii

St. Vincent Amazon

Amazona versicolor

St. Lucia Amazon

Amazona tucumana

Tucuman Amazon

Amazona tresmariae

Tres Marias Amazon

Amazona diadema

Diademed Amazon

Amazona xantholora

Yucatan Amazon

Amazona guatemalae

Northern Mealy Amazon

Amazona imperialis

Imperial Amazon

Amazona mercenarius

Scaly-naped Amazon

Amazona farinosa

Southern Mealy Amazon

Amazona collaria

Yellow-billed Amazon

Amazona festiva

Festive Amazon

Amazona agilis

Black-billed Amazon

Amazona vinacea

Vinaceous-breasted Amazon

Primolius auricollis

Golden-collared Macaw

Ara ararauna

Blue-and-yellow Macaw

Ara glaucogularis

Blue-throated Macaw

Ara chloropterus

Red-and-green Macaw

Ara tricolor

Cuban Macaw

Primolius maracana

Blue-winged Macaw

Ara ambiguus

Great Green Macaw

Primolius couloni

Blue-headed Macaw

Ara rubrogenys

Red-fronted Macaw

Anodorhynchus leari

Lear’s Macaw

Cyanopsitta spixii

Spix’s Macaw

Anodorhynchus glaucus

Glaucous Macaw

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Hyacinth Macaw

Orthopsittaca manilatus

Red-bellied Macaw

Ara militaris

Military Macaw

Diopsittaca nobilis

Red-shouldered Macaw

Ara macao

Scarlet Macaw

Ara severus

Chestnut-fronted Macaw

Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Black-winged Parrot

Pyrilia haematotis

Brown-hooded Parrot

Hapalopsittaca amazonina

Rusty-faced Parrot

Pyrilia pulchra

Rose-faced Parrot

Graydidascalus brachyurus

Short-tailed Parrot

Pyrilia caica

Caica Parrot

Pionites leucogaster

White-bellied Parrot

Pyrilia aurantiocephala

Bald Parrot

Pyrilia barrabandi

Orange-cheeked Parrot

Pyrilia pyrilia

Saffron-headed Parrot

Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Fuertes’s Parrot

Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops

Red-faced Parrot

Pionites melanocephalus

Black-headed Parrot

Pionopsitta pileata

Pileated Parrot

Pyrilia vulturina

Vulturine Parrot

Pyrrhura rupicola

Black-capped Parakeet

Pyrrhura albipectus

White-breasted Parakeet

Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Maroon-fronted Parrot

Eupsittula canicularis

Orange-fronted Parakeet

Psittacara rubritorquis

Red-throated Parakeet

Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

Thick-billed Parrot

Ognorhynchus icterotis

Yellow-eared Parrot

Enicognathus leptorhynchus

Slender-billed Parakeet

Pyrrhura hoematotis

Blood-eared Parakeet

Leptosittaca branickii

Golden-plumed Parakeet

Pyrrhura calliptera

Flame-winged Parakeet

Pyrrhura griseipectus

Grey-breasted Parakeet

Thectocercus acuticaudatus

Blue-crowned Parakeet

Aratinga auricapillus

Golden-capped Parakeet

Psittacara erythrogenys

Red-masked Parakeet

Pyrrhura perlata

Crimson-bellied Parakeet

Pyrrhura egregia

Fiery-shouldered Parakeet

Psittacara frontatus

Cordilleran Parakeet

Eupsittula aurea

Peach-fronted Parakeet

Eupsittula pertinax

Brown-throated Parakeet

Pyrrhura orcesi

El Oro Parakeet

Pyrrhura lucianii

Bonaparte’s Parakeet

Conuropsis carolinensis

Carolina Parakeet

Psittacara euops

Cuban Parakeet

Pyrrhura devillei

Blaze-winged Parakeet

Psittacara finschi

Finsch’s Parakeet

Pyrrhura amazonum

Santarem Parakeet

Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Sulphur-winged Parakeet

Pyrrhura molinae

Green-cheeked Parakeet

Cyanoliseus patagonus

Burrowing Parrot

Pyrrhura pfrimeri

Pfrimer’s Parakeet

Aratinga maculata

Sulphur-breasted Parakeet

Psittacara maugei

Puerto Rican Parakeet

Psittacara strenuus

Pacific Parakeet

Psittacara brevipes

Socorro Parakeet

Pyrrhura melanura

Maroon-tailed Parakeet

Pyrrhura frontalis

Maroon-bellied Parakeet

Psittacara wagleri

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet

Aratinga weddellii

Dusky-headed Parakeet

Eupsittula cactorum

Caatinga Parakeet

Pyrrhura viridicata

Santa Marta Parakeet

Guaruba guarouba

Golden Parakeet

Pyrrhura emma

Venezuelan Parakeet

Aratinga jandaya

Jandaya Parakeet

Pyrrhura leucotis

White-eared Parakeet

Enicognathus ferrugineus

Austral Parakeet

Psittacara chloropterus

Hispaniolan Parakeet

Psittacara mitratus

Mitred Parakeet

Eupsittula nana

Olive-throated Parakeet

Aratinga nenday

Nanday Parakeet

Psittacara leucophthalmus

White-eyed Parakeet

Pyrrhura lepida

Pearly Parakeet

Pyrrhura roseifrons

Rose-fronted Parakeet

Aratinga solstitialis

Sun Parakeet

Pyrrhura rhodocephala

Rose-crowned Parakeet

Pyrrhura cruentata

Ochre-marked Parakeet

Pyrrhura picta

Painted Parakeet

Psittacara holochlorus

Green Parakeet

Triclaria malachitacea

Blue-bellied Parrot

Deroptyus accipitrinus

Red-fan Parrot

Myiopsitta luchsi

Cliff Parakeet

Myiopsitta monachus

Monk Parakeet

Poicephalus gulielmi

Red-fronted Parrot

Poicephalus fuscicollis

Brown-necked Parrot

Poicephalus flavifrons

Yellow-fronted Parrot

Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

Brown-headed Parrot

Poicephalus rufiventris

Red-bellied Parrot

Poicephalus meyeri

Meyer’s Parrot

Poicephalus rueppellii

Rüppell’s Parrot

Poicephalus crassus

Niam-niam Parrot

Psittacus erithacus

Grey Parrot

Poicephalus robustus

Cape Parrot

Psittacus timneh

Timneh Parrot

Poicephalus senegalus

Senegal Parrot

Pionus sordidus

Red-billed Parrot

Pionus senilis

White-crowned Parrot

Pionus menstruus

Blue-headed Parrot

Pionus maximiliani

Scaly-headed Parrot

Pionus seniloides

White-capped Parrot

Pionus chalcopterus

Bronze-winged Parrot

Pionus tumultuosus

Plum-crowned Parrot

Pionus fuscus

Dusky Parrot

Brotogeris chiriri

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet

Brotogeris versicolurus

White-winged Parakeet

Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Mountain Parakeet

Touit melanonotus

Brown-backed Parrotlet

Touit dilectissimus

Blue-fronted Parrotlet

Brotogeris sanctithomae

Tui Parakeet

Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons

Rufous-fronted Parakeet

Forpus crassirostris

Riparian Parrotlet

Forpus conspicillatus

Spectacled Parrotlet

Brotogeris jugularis

Orange-chinned Parakeet

Touit surdus

Golden-tailed Parrotlet

Touit purpuratus

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet

Touit batavicus

Lilac-tailed Parrotlet

Forpus xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrotlet

Psilopsiagon aymara

Grey-hooded Parakeet

Bolborhynchus lineola

Barred Parakeet

Forpus coelestis

Pacific Parrotlet

Bolborhynchus orbygnesius

Andean Parakeet

Nannopsittaca dachilleae

Manu Parrotlet

Brotogeris cyanoptera

Cobalt-winged Parakeet

Touit huetii

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet

Forpus modestus

Dusky-billed Parrotlet

Forpus spengeli

Turquoise-winged Parrotlet

Forpus xanthopterygius

Cobalt-rumped Parrotlet

Nannopsittaca panychlora

Tepui Parrotlet

Touit costaricensis

Red-fronted Parrotlet

Forpus cyanopygius

Mexican Parrotlet

Forpus passerinus

Green-rumped Parrotlet

Brotogeris pyrrhoptera

Grey-cheeked Parakeet

Brotogeris chrysoptera

Golden-winged Parakeet

Touit stictopterus

Spot-winged Parrotlet

Brotogeris tirica

Plain Parakeet

Types of parrots

Types of Parrot

Characteristics of parrots

These birds form an order containing more than 370 species that inhabit the tropics and subtropics of the planet and which is divided into three super-families (Strigopoidea, Psittacoidea, and Cacatuoidea) which are differentiated by characteristics such as size, the color of plumage, and geographic distribution. They have a wide variety of particular characteristics such as those we will see below:

  • Legs: they have zygodactylous legs, that is to say, they have two toes forward and two backward which, in addition, are prehensile which allows them to handle their food. They are short but sturdy and with them, they can firmly grip tree branches.
  • Beaks: their beaks are powerful, thick and they end in a pronounced hook, a characteristic that differentiates them from the rest of the birds, their tongue is muscular and it acts like a sponge when it comes to feeding on pollen or like a finger when they use it to extract some of the bark from a tree. They have a crop where they partially store food and then regurgitate their contents to their babies or their partner.
  • Diet: It is very varied and it is composed of fruits and seeds, although some species can supplement it with pollen and nectar and others eat carrion as well as small vertebrates.
  • Habitats: they inhabit coastal deserts, dry forests, and humid jungles to certain anthropized environments such as plantations and crops. There are some very generalist species that adapt easily to changes in their environment and others that are more specialist and need very specific environments to develop and thrive, a characteristic that makes them very vulnerable and for which many species are threatened.
  • Behavior: the different types of parrots are gregarious birds, that is to say, they are sociable and they form very large groups that can go as far as regrouping several thousand individuals. Many species form lifelong pairs and nest in tree holes or abandoned termite mounds, with the exception of the kakapo (Strigops habroptilus), which is the only non-flying parrot that nests on the ground, and Widow conure (Myiopsitta monachus) which makes common nests with branches. They are known to be one of the most intelligent groups of birds for their ability to learn both words and elaborate sentences.

Taxonomic classification of parrots

The Psittaciformes order is divided into three super-families which, at the same time, have their own classification. Thus, the main types of parrots are classified into the following super-families:

  • Strigopoidea: includes New Zealand parrots
  • Cacatuidae: includes cockatoos
  • Psittacoidea: includes the most famous parrots as well as other Psittacidae

Strigopoidea superfamily

Currently, there are just four species belonging to this superfamily: kakapo ( Strigops habroptitus ), Nestor kea ( Nestor notabilis ), Nestor meridionalis meridionalis, and Nestor Superb ( Nestor meridionalis spetentrionalis ).

The Strigopoidea superfamily falls into two families, which include the following types of parrots:

  • Strigopoidae: with the genus Strigops
  • Nestoridae: with the genus Nestor

Superfamily Cacatuoidea

As we said, this superfamily is made up of cockatoos, so it just includes the Cacatuidae family, which has three subfamilies:

  • Nymphicinae: with the genus Nymphicus.
  • Calyptorhynchinae: with the genus Calyptorhynchus.
  • Cacatuinae: with the genera Probosciger, Eolophus, Lophochroa, Callocephalon y Cacatua.

There are species such as the white cockatoo ( Cacatua alba), the elegant cockatiel ( Nymphicus hollandicus ), or the Banksian cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii).

Superfamily Psittacoidea

With over 360 breeds of parrots, this is the largest of all superfamilies. It is divided into three families, each with its different subfamilies and genera:

  • Psittacidae: it includes the Psittacinae subfamilies comprising the genera Psittacus and Poicephalus and Arinae comprising the genera Anodorhynchus, Ara, Cyanopsitta, Primolius, Orthopsittaca, Diopsittaca, Rhynchopsitta, Ognorhynchus, Leptosittaca, Guarusaya, Neusopsathanata, Cyandruba, Neusopsathanolis, Pyrilia, Graydidascalus, Alipiopsitta, Pionus Amazona, Triclaria, Forpus, Pionites, Deroptyus, Hapalopsittaca, Touit, Brotogeris, Bolborhynchus, Myiopsitta, Psilopsiagon, and Nannopsittaca.


  • Psittaculidae: includes the subfamilies Platycercinae (with the genera Barnardius, Platycercus, Psephotus, Purpureicephalus, Northiella, Lathamus, Prosopeia, Eunymphicus, Cyanoramphus, Pezoporus, Neopsephotus, and Neophema), Psittacellinae (with the genus Psittacellinae (with the genera Psiella Oreopsittacus, Charmosyna, Vini, Phigys, Neopsittacus, Glossopsitta, Lorius, Psitteuteles, Pseudo, Eos, Chalcopsitta, Trichoglossus, Melopsittacus, Psittaculirostris and Cyclopsitta), Agapornithinae (with the genera Bolbiculopsus and Agapornithinae (with the genera Bolbiculopsus and Alapornithinae (with the genera Bolbiculopsus and Alapornithinae) (with the genera Bolbiculopsittus and Alapornacus) Aprosmictus, Polytelis, Eclectus, Geoffroyus, Tanygnathus, Psittinus, Psittacula, Prioniturus and Micropsitta).

In this superfamily we find the typical parrots, so that there are species such as the Bourke’s Parakeet ( Neopsephotus bourkii ), the Gray-headed Lovebird ( Agapornis canus ) or the Red-throated Lory (Charmosyna amabilis).


The types of parrots can also be classified by size, as we will see in the next boxes

PSITTACIDAE Psittaciformes parrot Psittaciformes

Arini tribe

Small Parrots

Medium Parrots

Quaker Parrot

Sun Conure

Senegal Parrot

Indian Ringneck Parakeet

Rainbow Lorikeet

Black-Hooded Parakeet



Large Parrots

Hawk Headed Parrots




X-Large Parrots

Hyacinth Macaw

Scarlet Macaw

Blue-and-Gold Macaw

Black Cockatoo


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