You have notably observed a loss of appetite, diarrhea, that he sleeps a lot or at unusual times, that he curls up, the nostrils run and / or with sneezing … For the signs of good health, see A healthy parrot?
There are several signs that your bird may be sick.
You must act quickly because a bird does not have “energy reserves”:
1 – Isolate your bird in a calm and warm room (but do not “cook” it near a radiator!).
Depending on the species, the normal temperature of a bird varies between 40 ° and 44 °. Your bird should be kept at an ambient temperature of around 27-28 ° C.
2 – Put aluminum foil at the bottom of its cage to collect recent and not soiled droppings.
3 – Make an appointment very quickly with your veterinarian so that he can establish a diagnosis and prescribe, if necessary, treatment.
The droppings will be kept at room temperature and will be brought in aluminum foil as quickly as possible to your veterinarian. The latter will thus be able to practice a bacteriological, parasitological and fungal examination (search for fungi and mycoses)…
4 – The cage, all the usual toys and / or objects must be disinfected with a specific disinfectant that your veterinarian may prescribe.
In general, here are some rules to follow:
– Contamination of the parrot (and of any captive bird) most often results from poor human hygiene (dirty hands and / or contact with other incompatible animals such as rodents, reptiles, insufficiently maintained cage) or spoiled or unsuitable food.
– No antibiotic treatment should be started before adequate samples and examinations have been carried out. The choice of antibiotic is a reasoned therapeutic act that must be left to the skilled person: the veterinarian.
Indeed, the excessive and systematic use of antibiotics can lead to the emergence of resistant bacterial strains and to the alteration of the bird’s immune defense capacities and only a professional can determine if it is necessary to prescribe a antibiotic and which one.
– For wild import parrots, know that most importers have taken the habit of putting birds systematically on antibiotics (antibiotics generally chosen from the most powerful).
Also, if an imported parrot “sampled from nature” develops an infection a few days after arriving at your home, you will understand why it is imperative to immediately consult your veterinarian: the infection that develops is due to a necessarily resistant “germ” to previous antibiotic treatment.
– If unfortunately your bird dies and you want to know the cause, the body must remain at room temperature and be deposited as quickly as possible (at most 48 hours maximum) with your veterinarian so that he can perform an autopsy.
If you have several birds, knowing the cause of death of one of them can help you set up a disease prevention policy.
Ask your veterinarian for a death certificate, especially if your parrot belonged to a protected species.