Hyacinth macaw


Hyacinthine macaw The “Blue Macaw, Hyacinth macaw” is an original parrot (Central and Eastern South America). With a height of 100 cm, it is considered the longest than any other species of parrot.

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Hyacinth macaw
Classification (COI)
Reign Animalia
Branch Chordata
Class Aves
Order Psittaciformes
Family Psittacidae
Kind Anodorhynchus


Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
( Latham, 1790 )

IUCN conservation status


The Hyacinth Macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus ) is a species of bird belonging to the family of Psittacidae.


The Hyacinth Macaw’s plumage is cobalt-blue, with a bare yellow area around the eye and lower jaw of the beak; the blue is slightly darker on the wings; the underside of the tail and the wings are blackish. Its iris is dark brown, and its legs dark gray. Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus has a very powerful voice. It is a hardy species once well acclimatized.

It is the largest of all psittacines, its size reaches 1 meter in adulthood.

Hyacinth macaw as pets

The Hyacinthe Macaw

Hyacinth macaw eggs

Hyacinth macaw

Baby hyacinth macaws

where do hyacinth macaws live

Geographical distribution 


Hyacinth macaw area

Hyacinth macaw habitat

This bird lives mainly in Brazil  : Cerrado, Pantanal and neighboring regions of Bolivia and Paraguay.

What do hyacinth macaws eat

Hyacinth macaw personality



Hyacinth macaw diet


Hyacinth Macaw feeds on Brazil nuts, palm nuts, and other various nuts, unshelled peanuts, fresh fruits, and greens.


Reproduction begins in May. The laying usually has two eggs (but frequently only one is fertilized), rarely one or three. Incubation lasts between 25 and 28 days. The young leave the nest around 14 weeks old.

Hyacinth macaw wingspan

4 feet
The hyacinth macaw (the largest of all parrots) has an enormous wingspan of more than 4 feet.

Population wild, breeding and Maintenance 

This parrot is relatively rare inbreeding and is also becoming so in its natural state: in a few decades, it has fallen from 100,000 to less than 2,000 and is the subject of a captive multiplication program. He lives in the rainforest and often stays far from cities. Also called the Great Blue Macaw, it is subject to trade, hunting, and poaching, which has reduced its population. Several programs are underway to try to preserve the species and the population of Hyacinth Macaws. It is hunted for its feathers which are used in particular to make hats.

Hyacinth macaw for adoption


Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)

Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) Physical description
It is a large splendid parrot and dazzlingly imposing, its plumage is cobalt blue; the areas around the eye as well as the lower beak are yellow, the blue becomes darker on the wings which gives it a superb color gradient, by observing this bird you can see the blackish color of the underside of the wings; the black bill is incredibly powerful. The iris is dark brown and the legs are dark.

Hyacinth macaw wow

Hyacinthine macaw

The hyacinth macaw, or hyacinthine macaw, or more commonly called the “Blue macaw” is a parrot native to central and eastern South America. With a length of about 100 cm, it is longer than any other species of parrot.

Hyacinth macaw lifespan

The Hyacinthe Macaw

Hyacinth macaw lifespan

Conservation status: Vulnerable (Population decreasing) Encyclopedia of Life
Order: Psittaciformes
Lifespan: 50 years (In the wild)
Class: Aves
Kingdom: Animalia

    Blue, Yellow

  • SIZE



    30 + years


    Vocal communicator



Hyacinth macaw size

Length: 3.3 ft. (Adult)
Mass: 2.6 – 3.7 lbs (Adult)
The hyacinth macaw has a blackish beak, very powerful, or even destructive (beak pressure: 15 kg/cm 2 ). A third of its muscles are in the head. Adult, it has a wingspan of 1.30  m to 1.50  m for a weight ranging from 1.4 to 1.7  kg.

Freeflying Baby Hyacinth Macaws | Chan The Bird Man


Hyacinth macaw flying

hyacinth macaw flying

Hyacinth macaw pet

Hyacinth macaw facts

Latin name: Anadorhyncus hyacinthinus

Species listed in Appendix I to the Washington Convention.

Species described in 1790 and subject to increased major traffic since the 1970s.

It is one of the most beautiful parrots that can be seen in some zoos.

Many parks participate in a captive breeding program to build genetic capital for better days.

Size: about 100cm
Weight: about 2 kg
Color: Superb cobalt blue, the edges of the eyes and the base of the lower mandible are yellow-orange.

Pet hyacinth macaw

The Hyacinthe Macaw

Europe authorizes the sale of young people born in captivity and from the second generation. It is a good thing to stem the importation of wild birds, but these will be excluded from any breeding.

The dietary requirements of the hyacinth are very specific: it feeds mainly on the fruits of a variety of oil palm. This diet is supplemented with berries and fruits. Because of this specificity, the survival of the hyacinth depends on the integrity of its habitat.
The last macaw of Spix (“cousin” of the hyacinth) died in the year 2000. All the specialists of the Psittacidae agree that the hyacinth will be one of the next macaws on the list of extinct species.

We took these photos at the Biodôme in Montreal. All the animals presented in this place were born in captivity.

The hyacinth macaw lives on an immense territory in sparse groups. The Pantanal region appears to be that which still shelters a significant population of “hyacinth”.

This flooded region is protected from cultivation, but its subsoil is very rich in minerals … and water from the Pantanal is pumped to water other regions during the dry season.

According to an article published in “PsittaScene” (n ° 52, August 2002), the wild population is estimated at 5000 individuals and the protection actions carried out since 1987 have paid off. However, its natural habitat is still very threatened.

Hyacinth macaw pictures

Hyacinth macaw size

hyacinth macaw size

Caring for the hyacinth scam

Care should be taken because before looking for a breeder, check with animal rescue organizations and adoption agencies to see whether a bird has been abandoned by someone unable to care for it. Beyond that, macaws are not commonly sold in pet stores, so look for a breeder who specializes in this specimen.

These birds require more time and attention than other species, so hyacinth macaws are not the right pets for everyone. Tall, handsome, and intelligent, they can be quite flirty, but resist the temptation to bring back a hyacinth without giving it much thought. Caring for this bird is a huge undertaking that requires a long time commitment.

As you would expect with such a large bird, a hyacinth macaw requires a spacious space to live. There are very few commercial cages large enough for this bird, and almost none can get out. Many owners find that a custom-made cage is necessary, although a full parrot room is even better. This bird needs space to fly, even if it has had its wing feathers cut off.

Most ordinary cages can easily be turned into rubble by the powerful spout. If you need to keep the bird in a cage, the best choice is a stainless steel cage. Stainless steel cages are much more durable and durable, and the benefits of having it for years outweigh the costs in the long run. A stainless steel cage is a worthwhile investment.

Hyacinth macaws can be very destructive and it is essential that the cage has plenty of wooden toys and branches to chew on. You should expect to replace them frequently.

The beak of a hyacinth macaw is a powerful tool, which means that they should be taught early on not to “put in the mouth” their human caregivers, even gently. Fortunately, they are generally quite docile and easy-going and seem to enjoy learning and the company. Like virtually all parrots, the crested macaw is a highly social animal that requires a lot of interaction with its human caregiver to be emotionally happy. Neglected and confined birds are often described as “neurotics”, doomed to screaming, destructiveness, and self-mutilating behaviors such as feather-picking. If they are given a lot of attention, they will prove to be among the friendliest of the macaw species, extremely interested in humans.

A hyacinth can learn a few words and phrases, although it is not the most widely spoken macaw language, it repeats it over and over again. They are very intelligent and can even learn to use these words in the appropriate context.

Hyacinth macaw talking


Feeding the Hyacinth macaw

In the wild, hyacinth macaws feed primarily on fruits, green vegetation, and nuts, especially the nuts of the acuri and bocaiuva palms. Its powerful beak can even crack coconuts. In captivity, they eat well with fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, and plenty of nuts, especially macadamia nuts, as they require more carbohydrates than other parrot species. The hyacinth diet for pets can be supplemented with specially formulated, species-specific granules.

Hyacinth macaws have a wingspan that can reach 4 feet. They should therefore be given enough time to exercise and room for a good stretch. It’s a good idea to give a hyacinth a minimum of one to two hours per day in a gym or other safe place per day to maintain its muscles.

These birds also need to chew to maintain their beaks and jaws. Therefore, many chew toys are essential for these large, beautiful birds. Large toys that can withstand the flapping of a strong beak are a good choice, as are toys that contain thongs or pieces of leather. The bird’s impressive beak has evolved to crack large nuts found, and it’s instinctive for them to use it to shred and chip hard objects.

Hyacinth macaw pet

The Hyacinthe Macaw

Common health problems

The hyacinth can be invaded by the beak if it does not have a permanent supply of toys and branches to destroy. Like other macaw species, hyacinth can be sensitive to the following factors:

  • Proventricular dilation disease (macaw atrophy)
  • Psittacosis
  • Papillomas

The key to good health with a Hyacinth Macaw is providing it with a diet that meets its special needs, along with regular check-ups by an avian veterinarian.

More pet bird species and other research

If you are intrigued by the arched macaw, also consider other macaw species, including:

  • Blue and gold macaw
  • Green macaw
  • Scarlet macaw

Or, read one of our other large parrot bird species profiles.

hyacinth macaw price

Hyacinth macaw cost

The Hyacinth Macaw parrot is a jet-blue parrot from Central and South America which, according to Singaporean broadsheet Straits Times, costs $40,000

  • Macaw
  • Blue-and-Gold Macaw
  • Green-Winged Macaw
  • Hahn’s Macaw
  • Scarlet Macaw

Hyacinth macaw as a pet

The Hyacinthe Macaw

Cage ara Hyacinthe

Hyacinth macaw for adoption



The Hyacinth Macaw is the largest parrot in the world and easily one of the most spectacular. It is an enormous bird weighing on average 1.5 kilograms (3.5 pounds) and is completely blue save its dark bill and bare yellow orbital ring and stripe at the base of its lower mandible. It is completely dependent on the fruits of a number of palm species and has a necessarily massive bill to aid in the cracking of the tough exterior.

Due to its dependence on palm fruit its range is regulated by the presence and abundance of its preferred species and is distributed in north-central and south-central Brazil into extreme northwest Paraguay where it can be found in palm savannas, Mauritia palm stands, open dry woodland, gallery forest and the edge of humid lowland forest.


100 cm; 1435–1695 g. Cobalt blue throughout, more violet on wings; undersides of flight-feathers and tail grey; bare orbital ring and strip at the base of lower mandible yellow. Immature has a shorter tail and paler bare skin.

Systematics History

Populations in S of the range have been separated as race maximiliani, but differences from others minute and clinal. Monotypic.




Apparently isolated populations from NC to SC Brazil, ranging into extreme E Bolivia and NW Paraguay; formerly present in Amapá (N Brazil), and possibly still so.


Edge of tropical moist lowland forest, palm savannas, open dry woodland with gallery forest and Mauritia palm stands, the critical factors evidently being presence and abundance of appropriate palm foodplants.


Seasonal displacements over large distances are strongly indicated by fragmentary evidence from Lower Amazon, apparently geared to plant phenology.

Diet and Foraging

Dependent on a small number of palm species, using different species in different areas: in the Amazon region Maximiliana RegiaOrbignya martiana, and Astrocaryum; in the Pantanal Scheelea phalerata and Acrocomia totai; in dry NE of range Attalea funifera and Syagrus coronata, where most foraging is done on the ground. Other fruits also sometimes taken, and even snails Pomacea.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Very loud croaking and screeching sounds including ‘kraal and screeching ‘trara‘ warning cry,  both in flight and perched. Whilst e.g. settling at communal roost, birds also produce scolding, yapping, and growling sounds. Flocks can produce considerable noise.


Jul–Dec. Nest in a hole in a tree in lower Amazon and Pantanal, usually one of only three species in latter (and chiefly Sterculia apetala), since only these reach sufficient size; otherwise dead palm trees and stubs commonly provide sites; in NE Brazil nests in the cliff. Eggs 2, sometimes 3; incubation 27–30 days; chicks have initial down whitish, secondary down greyish brown; nestling period generally 105–110 days. Usually only one young fledges, although success appears to vary between years.

Conservation Status

VULNERABLE. CITES I. This species was reduced to an estimated 3000 birds by the massive illegal trade in the period 1970–1990, with possibly as many as 10,000 being taken from the wild in the 1980s alone. In 1987 the species was placed on Appendix I of CITES, but for a time this only stimulated greater demand. Now reduced to three isolated populations in E Amazonia, the Gerais and the Pantanal, Brazil, with marginal occurrence in Bolivia and perhaps Paraguay.

Stronghold is the Pantanal, where its range has expanded and population has shown signs of recovery since 1990, probably as a result of conservation projects. In contrast, those of E Amazonia and the Gerais have continued to decline, from an estimated 1500 individuals in 1986 to 1000 in 2003.

No hard population data, but the total population estimated at 6500 individuals (equivalent to 4300 mature birds) in 2003, of which 5000 were in the Pantanal and around 200 in Bolivia. In the 1990s several long-term studies of the species started, in part coupled with conservation initiatives, often involving ecotourism, environmental education, and nest-box deployment, at certain ranches in the Pantanal.

However, local trapping for feathers and food may persist, as well as the destruction of nest-sites either for farming or to obtain birds, and indeed general habitat loss throughout the species’ range continues to decrease its survival prospects.

Uplisted to Endangered in 2000 because the population has decreased very rapidly in the recent past and the threats from habitat loss and illegal trapping for the cagebird trade remain; downlisted to Vulnerable in 2014 because population declines had not been as rapid as feared BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus. 

Blue hyacinth macaw

Hyacinth macaw as a pet

The Hyacinthe Macaw

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